The same observation at the Belgian level. In the state, 59.5% of adults, mostly males, are overweight or obese, with 25.5% of children aged 5 to 9 and 23.1% aged 10-19.
None of the 53 member states of the WHO European Region is currently on track to meet the Global Noncommunicable Diseases (NCD) goal of stopping obesity growth by 2025, the report said. For the area studied, the prevalence of obesity among adults is higher than anywhere else in the United States.
However, being overweight and obese is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the European region and causes more than 1.2 million deaths each year, accounting for more than 13% of total deaths in the region, according to the WHO.
Obesity increases the risk of many non-communicable diseases, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and chronic respiratory disease. As such, it is thought to be the cause of at least 13 different types of cancer, and may be directly responsible for at least 200,000 new cancers each year in the region studied, a figure that could rise further in the future, warns the World Health Organization.
Health crisis, not without impact
Another observation: The health crisis has not been without consequences for people who are overweight or obese, which has led to adverse changes in diet and physical activity. The epidemic will affect health for years to come and will require considerable effort to reverse the trend, the WHO estimates.
To address the situation, the WHO report recommends multiple interventions and policy options that member states may consider to prevent and combat obesity, while emphasizing the need for post-Kavid-19 epidemic reconstruction.
“By creating a more empowered environment, promoting investment and innovation in health, and by developing strong and resilient health systems, we can change the course of obesity in the European region,” said Dr. Hans Henry P. Cluj, WHO Regional Director for Europe 6
Policy measures to prevent obesity
The causes of obesity are far more complex than the general combination of poor diet and physical inactivity, with the WHO emphasizing that environmental factors and habits from childhood also play a decisive role.
The report explores, for example, how digital marketing of unhealthy food products to children and the proliferation of sedentary activities (online games) contribute to the increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity.
“Obesity is a complex, multifaceted determinant and with health consequences, which means that no single intervention can stem the rise of a growing epidemic,” the WHO added, noting that action policies must address structural drivers of obesity as a whole.
More strongly, the WHO advocates the implementation of tax intervention (tax on sweetened drinks or incentives for healthier foods) or, among other things, restrictions on the marketing of unhealthy foods for children. The organization also advocates for better access to obesity and overweight management services in primary health care within the framework of universal health coverage.
At the same time, it seeks to strengthen lifelong work to improve diet and physical activity: strengthening prenatal and postnatal care, promoting breastfeeding, intervening in the school environment, improved access to healthy food and affordability, and opportunities for physical activity. .