Satellite service in civil security services

Damaged residence of the French ambassador to Haiti after the 2010 earthquake. Credit: ES CNES / LUVISUTTO Eric, 2010

Storm Alex, Hurricane Irma, Hurricane Dorian: Actors at work must have the right way to act.

At the Garden, the Euro-Mediterranean Risk Simulation Center welcomed more than 70 of them (Divisional Fire and Rescue Service, Gendermass, Public Operator, Rescue Team, Technician, etc.) and 90 by video conference, on April 7, this occasion. “Satellite Technology for Civilian Security” Day.

Organized by the Atraksis Association and Connect with the Entente Valabre New Technologies Cluster by CNES, the day welcomes many participants who are familiar with the use of satellite solutions for rescue, but who are further away from such practices.

It is CNES’s ambition to bring these end users together, present the state of the industry, measure their challenges and listen to their needs for support.

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Sandrin Lafont Credit: CNES / TRONQUART Nicholas, 2019

Sandrin Lafont, CNES’s head of digital and satellite telecommunications markets and uses.

Towards emergency imaging for everyone

Many spatial imaging solutions are already used by the Central Civil Security Service in the event of a disaster. In order to diagnose the damage as well as to facilitate the rapid deployment of reliefThere are challenges. “ In 24/7 mode, they can use the resources of the International Space and Major Disaster Certificates proposed by CNES and ESA, but the European Copernicus Emergency Services, whose portfolio of activities is slowly expanding. Helen de Bossagesson, head of CNES ‘Connect’s risky activities, explained.

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Density of building damage in Haiti’s Port au Prince after the 2010 earthquake. Credit: © CNES / SERTIT /, 2010

Capt. Frank Fiorelli of Alpes Maritimes SDIS came to talk about his experience as co-manager of the assessment unit for buildings damaged in Hurricane Alex. ” For the lack of instant satellite images we first used aerial images. Which were given 2 days later (Pléiades image, editor’s note) allows us to refine the maps, to check the high water mark. We were thus able to limit our inspection work to 2,500 buildings located on a strip of 50 meters on either side of the high water mark. Without this analysis, we would have had much more to investigate.A

Extend the urgent use of satellite images to a more regional or even local scale One of the expected significant developments. Sudden floods, agricultural disasters, more resilient restructuring, could benefit from such inputs.

Prefectures can quickly access verified satellite imagery in more local emergencies without having to go through central services.

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Commander Frank Fiorelli – SDIS 06

Frank Fiorelli, Commander of the Effective Forecasting Group at SDIS Alpes-Maritimes.

Expansion of the National Institutional System for Mutualized Supplies in Satellite Imagery (DINAMIS)Which uses Pléiades and Spot resources for institutional needs in standard mode (excluding crises), was also questioned when emergency needs, in rush mode, are not currently covered by the system.

Ambition is a better warning

Satellite services are also known for enabling precise location, tracking and rescue in times of danger. The The Cospas-Sarsat system is a worldwide emergency location-finding radiobicon and shipwreck distress warning and location system. : It equips a boat, plane or person.

CNES has and operates some satellite data reception stations (LUT – local user terminals), French Mission Control Center (MCC). European Commission Galileo SAR Program Search and Rescue ServiceOn behalf of EUSPA (European Union Space Program Agency).

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The SAR team is working. Credit: © CNES / DE PRADA Theory, 2021

In the event of impending danger, sirens remain the main major means of alerting the population. Galileo will develop the possibility of this warning, with The “Emergency Alert Service” will be launched soon. It will be part of a new general warning system for the French population – “FR-Alert” – via mobile telephone, which will be launched in June. Specifically, geolocated SMS and cell broadcasting will be used.

Broadband for data exchange

Satellite telecommunications is another key use Priority for those involved in risk management. Here, offers are made, provided by individual actors. Offers are provided by the French state, via Directorate General for Civil Security and Crisis Management (DGSCGC). SDIS can be equipped directly with an industrialist.

In this regard, CNES “Cesars” Satellite Telecom Consulting Center suggests the most suitable solution depending on the use.

There is good hope for speed improvement with satellite internet, even if there should be restraint in case of emergency Captain Frank remembers Fiorelli.

Live situation map exchange, drone video between ground team and command center, sending pictures to field team with little or no delay, these are all applications that can be generalized.

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Satellite telecommunication offers and equipment are presented. Credit: Dr.

Space citizens committed to security!

Can the “risk management” community integrate its needs and strengthen the use of space solutions? The day of April 7 in any case is just the beginning and the working group, in the form of a webinar, makes it possible to continue the exchanges already.

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