Adapting in real time and having a flexible company is now a challenge that every manufacturer faces. The health crisis associated with COVID-19 has exacerbated these pre-existing challenges. To adapt, the factories of the future will be digital and connected, company hybrid and agile. It remains to be seen how it is!
Speed isn’t everything – 100 times faster than 5G 4G – but it will actually contribute to change! Thanks to 5G, manufacturers will have strategic elements, such as:
Reliable, wireless connection
Network breakdown, depending on the type of usage,
Delay time has been reduced.
Industrial big data scaling is up, and with it new uses such as huge IoT. Predictive maintenance of machines such as autonomous vehicles in factories is among the popular uses. “Modern industrial equipment generates the vast amount of data needed for the manufacturing process: quantity, temperature, pressure, dimensions, duration and many other physical variables. With partners or even other players. It can generate substantial revenue with unprecedented margin levels in the industry world around and beyond product service opportunities. You just have to have the courage to use a different economic model, marketing model and organization, “said Bruno Krakow Partner and co-founder of Bangs 7
Codename: 5G Steel. Launched at the end of 2021, it is the largest industrial 5G network in France. This 4G / 5G network in an industrial and critical environment is powered by ArcelorMittal and its partners Orange Business (Integrator) and Ericsson (Private Network Specialist). This state-sponsored initiative within the framework of France Reliance will test the contribution of such equipment for 3 years. Targets for various businesses (manufacturing, maintenance, logistics, etc.), specifically for industrial use include:
Human mobility in work situations,
Autonomous trains in Dunkirk and Florence,
Autonomous road vehicles,
Mobile maintenance, including field feedback,
Virtual or augmented reality and security devices.
With 5G Steel, ArcelorMittal will develop core industrial projects In concrete terms, its maintenance teams equipped with tablets will be able to work sequentially and access the necessary documentation. Once the maintenance operation is completed, they will verify it and record it directly into the company’s information system. With augmented reality, teams will be able to access image documentary resources or call a live remote expert.
“ArcelorMittal is firmly committed to its digital transformation and is positioning itself as a leader in the digitalisation of the steel industry. In production, maintenance, logistics and development, digital technologies have already begun to transform our processes, increase the reliability of our operations and improve the comfort and security of our team, ”observes David Glaser, Director of Digital Transformation at ArcelorMittal France.
Another example of the expected progress is autonomous transport by rail. At the Dunkirk site, 44 kilometers of railways exist for the transportation of goods at various production stages. With EasyMile, ArcelorMittal will launch the first autonomous train on the internal private network, which will be put into service in 2023.
Personal network and sovereignty
The purpose of 5G steel is to enable the development of the French ecosystem around the value chain of this industrial use. In this regard, the Renaissance Institute for Technological Research (IRT) B-com, has launched its personal 5G network solution commercially, financing part of the French state’s recovery plan. “Dome” – this is its name – will be able to respond to different uses for the manufacturer and business. It is a concrete translation of one of the two areas of expertise on which IRT works, namely network and security (network architecture, IA, 5G, IoT, cybersecurity).
Infrastructure is called “sovereign”. We must understand the meaning that B-com controls all elements from the heart of the network to the RAN (radio access network) and cyber security elements, which use artificial intelligence techniques to detect weak cyber attack signals.
This time, IRT RAN is working with several OEMs like Nokia, Amarisoft and AW2S. Major integrators should market quick solutions, such as Atos, Capgemini or Orange.
Edge Computing and AI
“Data processing across the network” – or edge computing – should be comprehensive.
Analyzing data around objects, and no longer in the cloud, actually provides benefits. The 5G antenna will then act as a micro-datacenter. At a time when cybersecurity is a major issue, having your data on site, without unnecessary flow and staying close is no longer secondary! “Today, business processes are centered on the cloud, but we believe they will move to the edge, and Edge IA has a leadership position,” noted Jerome Sandrini, during the last Mobile World Congress.
French consulting firm Aster Fab estimates that 9% of data was processed worldwide by Edge Computing in 2020 … a rate that could reach 75% by 2025!