Artificial intelligence is all about it

Can Artificial Intelligence Improve Health? Will it replace doctors? Will it help us improve our quality of life? How to control it?

These questions and more than 100 others were debated at the TimeWorld World Congress on Artificial Intelligence (AI), held May 5, 6 and 7 at the MIL campus of the University of Montreal. The congress was held in Metropolis, creating an exceptional center of expertise in artificial intelligence, thanks to world-renowned researchers who enlighten our community and specialize in artificial intelligence and data for the more than 13,000 students enrolled in a university program. , Scientific Director of Funds de Recherche du Quebec – Santa and speaker at the meeting.

A revolution in art

The Portrait of Edmund de Bellamy, Sold at Christie’s for $ 435,000 a few years ago, was painted … an artificial intelligence algorithm! Deep learning and facial recognition technology were also able to draw a mock Rembrandt. Other paintings, musical compositions and poems were also created using the algorithm. So who is the creator behind all this work? Can we still talk about human creation? Is creation now the right of algorithms? Or can we see, as the artist Harvey Fisher suggests, “artificial intelligence is an extraordinary display of human intelligence”?

When artificial intelligence pushes the boundaries of each of our senses

Artificial intelligence pushes the limits of our vision too far. Albert Einstein himself did not believe in the existence of black holes. Julie Hlavasek-Larando, a professor of physics at the University of Montreal who attended the congress, said that thanks to an algorithm made up of four million billion bytes of data, a picture of a black hole could be found.

Artificial intelligence is also pushing the limits of our hearing. Thanks to cochlear implants, deaf people can hear and AI allows better settings.

Other brain implants have reduced the risk of Parkinson’s disease. And with Neuralink, Elon Musk is researching the possibility of using brain implants to improve the mobility of paralyzed people, according to him. But how far can we go?

An Orwelian surveillance universe

In China, a start-up placed brain wave sensors on the foreheads of children while they were in class to monitor their concentration. This information is later shared with their teachers and parents. An article from The Wall Street Journal This caused a stir and the research on this helmet was stopped. However, further research is underway.

In France, the National Institute for Research in Digital Science and Technology is working on software to better measure crowd mobility. In fact, when you see them being trampled underfoot by the crowd, it’s too late. Artificial intelligence can help predict human behavior to avoid being trampled on which can be fatal. But what if an omnipotent government uses this crowd management software?

Legislation time

“Until now, lawyers have stayed away from computer scientists. The time has come for them to come together to decide on the future of the law on artificial intelligence, “said Pierre Laroche, a law professor at the University of Montreal and another speaker at the meeting. There are already laws in place that may apply to artificial intelligence. Just asking ethical or not questions benefits companies and allows them to continue their projects.

Meanwhile, advances in law and artificial intelligence are key. UdeM’s Cyberjustice Laboratory, run by Karim Benekhlef, has, for example, designed JusticeSbot, a robot capable of answering your questions about housing rights.

A necessary social responsibility

Can we teach algorithms to be less sexist? “The machine is the machine! They only reflect on the issue of sexuality, “said Daphne Marnat, a social science expert, who we heard during the congressional hearing. We need to be interested in the creators and makers of the algorithm.

Artificial Intelligence: A New Problem? 40,000 years ago, humans invented fire, a great invention for cooking their food, but it allowed them to attack their neighbors. “The problem is not innovation, but what we’re going to do with it,” recalled Hubert Reeves, one of the guests at Congress.

Montreal very early advocated a system based on social responsibility, which it incorporated into the Montreal Declaration for the responsible development of artificial intelligence. “And that, for an inclusive intelligence that we want to serve the common good,” said Daniel Jutras, rector of UdeM.

Box: Conferences are accessible online

Speeches from the TimeWorld AI Congress will be streamed on the Idea in Sciences YouTube channel for the next few days:

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