The European Parliament passed a resolution on May 3, entitled “Artificial Intelligence in the Digital Age”. A 66-page long text, the result of the work of the Special Commission on Artificial Intelligence. From now on, the legal network should be based on the recommendations and guidelines announced by this new text.
The newly adopted text is an AI “. The Fourth Industrial Revolution 6, at the same time an appropriate regulation is required. This transformation is indeed a matter of moral and legal concern with the AI system today. “ More complex, more autonomous and more opaque, which can lead to less explanatory results ”Underlines Parliament.
Resolution is a set out Roadmap Applying for regulations to respect fundamental rights and democratic principles, as well as to contribute to the international influence of economic players and the promotion of innovation.
The first bricks of AI control in European law came several years ago. In 2016, for example, a contact of the Commission “ European companies are going digital “, Where the union had to work” Cut to the advantages of the digital single market “, Already cited this activity.
Originally considered almost an industry among others, AI has become a more important issue for the commission, which in 2018, spoke of investing more to build a “. Artificial intelligence for Europe A
In February 2020, the Artificial Intelligence White Paper laid the foundation for the future European AI law, on which A European approach based on excellence and trust “The European Commission says.
On behalf of the Commission, this work resulted in the publication of a proposal for a European Regulation on the Control of Artificial Intelligence on April 21, 2021. Europe now wants to be a major player on the field worldwide and will no longer be. Consumer solutions only from third countries.
The proposed regulation supports a risk-based approach that makes it possible to establish a balance between the risks posed by the use of AI systems and the responsibilities and restrictions placed on the system designer or producer.
Thus, the text mainly targets:
- “ Ensure that AI systems installed and used in the EU market respect safe and applicable fundamental rights law and EU values A
- “ Ensure legal guarantees to facilitate investment and innovation in AI A
- “ Strengthen governance and effective enforcement of existing fundamental rights law and security requirements applicable to AI systems A
- “ Facilitate the development of a single market for legal, secure and trusted AI applications and prevent market segmentation A
Nevertheless, the Commission specified that the legal proposal “ Without limiting or hindering the development of technology, or without increasing the cost of bringing AI solutions to market, the minimum requirements for dealing with AI-related risks and problems are limited. ”
At the same time, in the digital age, a special committee on artificial intelligence (AIDA in English, for Artificial Intelligence in a Digital Age) has been mandated by the European Parliament. “ Analyze the future impact of artificial intelligence in the digital age on the European Union economy “And write” A roadmap for a digital age appropriate title for the digital age ”
The AIDA Commission began its work in September 2020 and conducted several hearings to welcome the views and observations of experts in the sector. The recommendations of the special committee voted on by the European Parliament will guide the Committees on Internal Market and Consumer Protection (IMCO) and the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE), which are currently examining the legal proposal.