The EU has spent 340 million AI on border control

Since 2007, the EU has spent more than 40 340 million on research on artificial intelligence (AI) technology for border control, asylum seekers, and migration, while the relevant legislation currently under discussion does not provide protection against their harmful use, Statewatch writes. Technology

The report, An obvious and current danger: EU AI law lacks immigration and asylum protection (A Clear and Current Danger: Migration and Missing Asylum Protection in EU AI Papers), identifies a total of 51 projects that examine various potential uses of artificial intelligence technology, including autonomous robots for border control, biometric detection and verification devices, and automated data collection. And analysis systems.

Non-governmental organizations received more funding (163 million euros) than any other type of organization; Among the major beneficiaries are transnational military and security companies such as Indra, Leonardo, Israel Aerospace Industries and GMV Aerospace and Defense.

Funding comes from EU research and development projects, including the current Horizon Europe[1] It has a total of 93 billion euros and runs from 2021 to 2027. Of this, 1.4 billion euros is projected for “civil security” and প্রথম 55 million for the “border management” project in the first work program.[2].

The report comes the same week that a coalition of human rights organizations (NGOs), including Statewatch, unveiled proposed changes to the AI ​​Act.[3] This will ensure that the law provides protection of fundamental rights for people under artificial intelligence during asylum, immigration and border procedures.

“A Clear and Current Danger” shows how many existing uses of advanced technology – remote biometric detection systems, automated assessment and verification tools, profiling technology embedded in the EU’s large-scale database, border surveillance and predictive analysis – are not adequately covered, or even AI By completely excluding the opportunity, people are already in a vulnerable position at greater risk of their rights being violated.

These claims are sharply contradictory to those advocating a more liberal approach to the advancement of advanced technology, as stated in a report by RAND Europe, a consultancy firm of the EU agency Frontex: Beat them to ensure the use of AI-based solutions[4]”

Let us remember that Frontex has become a true criminal organization that actually works to kill or kill immigrants, an organization that has called for the precise abolition of many NGOs.

Jane Kilpatrick, Statewatch researcher and co-author of the report, commented:

“Given that Parliament will now introduce amendments to the law by May 18, it is surprising how much the Commission has already invested in AI technology for border control, which will have a direct impact on people’s lives and rights. Is made. “

Chris Jones, director of Statewatch and co-author of the report, said:

“It is important that AI law includes meaningful protection for people who cross the border, who are already at considerable risk of multiple rights violations. The legal protections that can be enforced are crucial, but activists and supporters must be prepared for the long-term fight against inhumane and dangerous technologies, most of which are funded by the public.

Full report and dataset available Here.

See side by side A clear and present danger. EU AI law lacks immigration and asylum protection (Report on the use of artificial intelligence in the policy and the dangers of applying the asylum and immigration policy): https://www.statewatch.org/media/3282/sw-a-clear- and-present-danger-ai -act-migration-11- 5-22.pdf

And again here https://www.statewatch.org/news/2022/may/regulating-migration-technology-how-the-eu-s-ai-act-can-better-protect-people-on-the-move /

[1] Horizon is a European research program with a budget of 95.5 billion; The call for projects (call for proposals) from 2005 indicates that the ambitious research team’s network for funding should include the Ministries of Interior and Defense and the private sector. Thus, the possibility of critical, autonomous, and practically independent research, such as basic (non-applicable) research, has been eliminated, while several funded projects even manage the possibility of new methods and devices to suppress migration, etc. (This security flow of research in Europe and the de facto genocide has already been condemned in the book’s introduction Conflict, Security and Reconstruction of Society: Civilization of WarLondon: Routledge, 2010: Downloadable here http://www.oapen.org/search?identifier=391032, pp.7-11 (a work that shows the continuity of the war between the urban war, the war on immigration and the neo-colonial war)

[2] European Commission, ‘Horizon Europe Work Program 2021-2022 – 6. Civil Security for Society’, C (2021) 9128, 15 December 2021, https://ec.europa.eu/info/funding-tenders/opportunities/docs/ 2021-2027 / horizon / wp-call / 2021-2022 / wp-6-civil-security-for-society_horizon-2021-2022_en.pdf

[3] ‘Use of AI in Migration and Border Control: A Fundamental Rights Practice in Artificial Intelligence Act’, https://edri.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/05/Migration_2-pager-02052022-for-online.pdf

[4] ‘Artificial intelligence-based capabilities for the European Border and Coast Guard’, March 2021, https://frontex.europa.eu/assets/Publications/Research/Frontex_AI_Research_Study_2020_final_report.pdf

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