Discover the Taj Mahal, Machu Picchu, the Colosseum … a list of the seven wonders of the modern world, photos of places and monuments, as well as our tips for visiting them.
A tomb built by love, a city built at an altitude of more than 2,400 meters, a wall more than 20,000 kilometers long … When it comes to building extraordinary monuments, humanity demonstrates boundless creativity. So much so that it is not easy to make a list of the most impressive buildings. The idea is not new: it was born 2000 years ago with the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The problem is, only the Pyramid of Cheops still stands.
In the early 2000s, Swiss director and businessman Bernard Weber founded an international association that compiled a list of wonders that still exist. The New Seven Wonders Foundation has shortlisted six famous architects to identify monuments worthy of inclusion in the final list. Jaha Hadid, Caesar Pelli, Tadao Ando, Harry Seidler, Aziz Tayeb, Young Ho Chang and former UNESCO Director-General Federico Meyer have compiled a list of 20 monuments. An open vote for Internet users around the world in 2007 made it possible to select the new Seven Wonders of the World.
- Great Wall of China
- Petra, Jordan
- Statue of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro
- Machu Picchu
- Archaeological site of Chichen Itza in Mexico
- Colosseum of Rome
- The Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal, India
After the death of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan was overwhelmed with unbearable grief. Nothing can translate the power of his love for her. Probably without the Taj Mahal. He ordered the construction of it in Agra, a town in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, to house the body of his beloved. Completed in 1648, this tomb is one of the greatest architectural gems of Indo-Islamic art. Built according to a completely symmetrical scheme in white marble, it enjoys exceptional refinement with precious stones, arches, copulas and sculptures surrounded by drama of light and shadow. The memorial still contains the tombs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shahjahan.
Get ready for the tour. Preservation and information on the website of the Indian Tourism Office or the official website of the Taj Mahal. You can take advantage of the tour of Rajasthan by visiting the Taj Mahal near the border of this highly touristy state, and even the city of Benares.
Great Wall of China
Like an endless snake of stone that follows the sinusocytes of the landscape, the Great Wall of China connects Shanhaiguan in Hebei Province with Xiaoguan in the eastern Gansu Province. Built between the 3rd and 17th centuries, spanning more than 20,000 kilometers, it spans Broadway, the Watchtower and Shelters, and castles and mountain ranges. However, this is the Chinese national symbol “Weak due to inadequate tourism infrastructure”Warns UNESCO on its site, specifically referring to a cable car in Badaling in the Yanking region.
Get ready for the tour. It is well-preserved in a few points open to visitors, such as Badaling or Mutianyu. Many of the sections in the ruins are also fascinating. Like the level of the village of Huanghua Cheng, north of Beijing, where the monument sinks under the water formed by the dam.
See more – On May Day, thousands of Chinese visit the Great Wall of China.
Petra Treasury, Jordan
Its discovery Khazneh An extraordinary experience. It starts with a walk along a winding path siege surrounded by 70-meter-high sandstone walls. The monument is thought to be visible after each turn. We have to be vigilant. It arises between two curves when you no longer expect it, mysterious and glorious. Carved in pink stone in the 1st century BC. AD, the front of which is 43 m high. Inside, in three inaccessible rooms for visitors, will be the tomb of King Aretas IV of the Nabataeans. By the 7th century, the Bedouins had mistakenly believed that the kalas at the top of the monument contained significant resources, hence the name ” Khazneh, In Arabic it means “wealth”.
Get ready for the tour. Petra’s archeological site is home to many Roman, Byzantine and Bedouin monuments such as monasteries, theaters and royal tombs and stone carved temples. The tour includes “Jordan Pass.” Find all our tips to prepare your trip to Petra.
Statue of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro
It is arguably the most famous statue in the world, along with the Statue of Liberty in New York. Christ the Redeemer stands 710 meters above Rio de Janeiro, in the heart of the Tizuka forest, in the Corcovado hills. A symbol of faith and happiness for the people of Rio de Janeiro, the statue is 38 meters high and weighs 1,145 tons, and celebrates its 90th birthday in 2021.
Get ready for the tour. A small red train takes tourists to the top of Corcovado for just 18 euros during the high season (the price includes a ticket to the entrance to the monument). Otherwise, it is always possible to try to climb on foot (gain of about 2 km and 700 m altitude). Information at the Brazilian Embassy in France (Tel: 01 45 61 63 00) or VisitBrasil (in English).
Machu Picchu, Peru
Machu Picchu, a city in the middle of the Andes Mountains, is a manifestation of the power of the Inca Empire which was at its peak at that time. Hiram Bingham, an American archaeologist, discovered these dwellings, walls, terraces and ramps, built around 1950 on a rocky scorpion in 1911. The city is divided into two parts: one, consisting of agriculture, cultivable platforms and farmers’ houses, the other, urban, the Royal Residence, the Sacred Square or the Intihuatana Pyramid, and several such structures as its sunlight.
Get ready for the tour. Authorities have decided to limit the number of visitors to the site, as the Peruvian government needs to reserve tickets for the site. And find our advice for climbing the Inca city.
Chichen Itza is an archeological site in Mexico
Chichen Itza is one of the largest Mayan centers on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico and arguably the most famous. Its history begins with Itzá, the Mayan people who created the first part of the site. Built between the 5th and 10th centuries, it has a number of notable buildings, such as the nuns’ building or the deer temple. The second part of the site was born after the Yucatan conquest by the Toltec people in the 10th century. It is a group house in the building to the south, including Karakal (“Snail”), a circular astronomical observation center from which it is said that priests never went outside to accustom their eyes to darkness. To the north, the iconic stepped pyramid of Kukulkan, or CastilloIncreases 24 meters.
Get ready for the tour. The archeological site is connected by public transport to the nearby town of Piste, located 115 kilometers from Merida in the Yucatan region. More information on the Mexican government website (in Spanish). Night visits are arranged with a lighting show Castillo. Tickets can be booked at nochesdekukulkan.com.
The Colosseum, the largest ancient amphitheater in the world, has been built to match the superpowers of the Roman Empire. An elliptical structure 188 meters long, 156 meters wide and 57 meters high, it welcomes around 50,000 spectators who came to see gladiatorial and animal hunting games and even naval battles. The surface of the arena today has only been partially reconstructed so that an underground structure called the “hypogium” can be seen. Gladiators and animals were kept in this gallery, ready for spring to do a show. During the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the Colosseum was used as an excavation for materials, especially the construction of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome.
Get ready for the tour. If you go to Rome, you must see the Colosseum. To avoid queues, you can book online at rome-museum.com or romapass.it. More information on the Colosseum’s official website.
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