Dyslexia: Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Specialist: Stephen Clargett, Pediatric Psychiatrist

Like one “dys” (dysorthographia, dyscalculia, dysphasia, etc.), dyslexia is considered a disability. It’s one Learning disability Reading and writing language, which is detrimental to the child’s academic performance. But with proper care, he can make significant progress quickly. Point with child psychiatrist Stephen Clarget, author of Succeeding at School, published in Larose.

Definition: What is dyslexia?

It is estimated that dyslexia affects 5% of children according to age, of which 1% will be severe. It will mainly concern the boys.

Different forms of dyslexia

There are three main forms of dyslexia: Dyslexia AcousticDyslexia Excessively And dyslexia Mixed, Which is a mixture of the first two. Phonology Dyslexia is the most common, it is slow to read and difficult to recognize new words. Superficial dyslexia is a selective impairment of their ability to read words, including irregular pronunciation.

Dyslexia causes the same symptoms, whether phonological, dorsal or mixed. For these children, contact information, Hold her, It is difficult to understand or change. In fact, dyslexia is a neurological disorder associated with cerebral palsy. The latter is there Complications To properly comprehend and analyze words within words. It is not a problem of intellectual disability or brain stimulation, but rather a problem of recognizing words in particular. Written words.

Does this inherited neurological disorder cause dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a neurological disorder that can be of genetic origin Family history. Child psychiatrist Stephen Clargate attested to that “This particular disorder of reading and accuracy in word reading is sometimes Hereditary A, So often the finding is true, when a child is dyslexic, one of his parents who suffers from the same disorder. However, it can also be associated with late language acquisition or difficulty speaking in the first years of life.

Teachers often first identify the child’s disadvantages before diagnosing dyslexia. However, it is important to be sure that you are not diagnosed with dyslexia Other obstaclesWhich may be the cause of this reading difficulty, not present. “The first thing you need to do when you meet with a child who is having a reading delay is to evaluate whether it is one or the other. Vision problemsAn intellectual disorder or its DevelopmentThis is why the investigation should be coordinated by a child psychiatrist, who will diagnose all the disorders that could potentially explain the situation before diagnosing dyslexia. The latter will be performed by requesting various tests from colleagues: ENT, ophthalmologist and above all a Complete balance sheet Inside Speech therapy, Which includes tests performed by those healthcare professionals If all other causes are ruled out, we can talk about dyslexia. Dr. Clarjet says.

Learning disability centers exist in France to diagnose, but waiting times are often longer and they are more reserved for disorders. Complex Where Serious. In addition, the advantage of treatment led by a child psychiatrist is the possibility of taking psychotherapy in case of its reactions. Mental health Baby, because living in dyslexia can be difficult. “Put your finger on a cause Emotional And lifting it through psychotherapy can help solve dyslexia. “Dr. Clarjet says.

What are the symptoms of dyslexia? Can dyslexia be cured?

This particular learning disability will manifest itself in the child when learning to read. So it is often diagnosed near age 6 years. This can improve the barrier, not completely disappear.

How does a dyslexic behave?

A dyslexic child will inadvertently forget letters, reverse them or replace them with others. For example, he or she:

– Can confuse similar words such as p and b, s and z Or closed sounds like bread and bath, without his hearing being questioned. This is called hearing loss;

– I can “Forget” Say “tabe” instead of letters and “table” in the word;

– Similar letters such as p and q or even can be confusing Reverse syllable (For example lu and ul), or even present a reverse of the letters in the word (pro or vice versa) or combine them;

– Be able to add letters to words.

This will also be difficult for the baby Memorize Letters and words and their attachments. The exercise is more difficult for letters that do not have the same sound in different words, for example G, which is pronounced differently in the words “garage” and “giraffe”. The effect on reading speed and accuracy is then obvious, the child is unable to read Smoothly. In some cases, he may have trouble understanding what he is reading.

Reading difficulties can be associated with other “DS” diseases, such as dysorthography, which is a problem. Spell Noise, or dysphasia. The latter is a language development disorder that will affect reading as well.

What are the consequences of dysorthography, dyslexia …

A child suffering from dyslexia will find it much harder to learn to read, much more effort is required to read. Try more Which does not encourage him to read. As a result, he does not improve his reading skills, nor does he learn new words or new knowledge, because it is an activity that he tends to avoid.

Moreover, Oral language Will also look poor, because over time he will not become as rich as other children his age. Dyslexic children then a Lack of confidence And self-esteem, or even a general disinterest in school. In fact, reading takes into account all the factors, so it is important to take care of dyslexia quickly to limit the damage.

The care of a dyslexic child will be personalized according to his disorder. Session with a Speech therapist Need to set up to work on letters, sounds and their pronunciation. “There should be support Hurry up And intense enough to help the child as soon as possible, this is the best way to help him in his school career “, Dr. Encourages Clarjet.

As a parent, you too can develop good habits with your child, thanks to the little exercises. You can read, for example Loudly Along with that, encourage him to listen to audio books or organize rewards after reading. There are children’s books specially edited for DYS children, such as its collection First reading Child-friendly DYS at Disney. These works have a representation of words with colored syllables, which makes them easier to decipher.

Do not neglect to write in dyslexia

In addition, writing must be stimulated by exercise. So encourage your child to write small notes or play games with letters, e.g. Scrabble. During homework, adapt to her situation by giving her more time to read and understand difficult words A text Or in instructions, explaining to him what he does not understand. Then give him time not to work.

Also in class, some adjustments can be made with the contract Teacher : Don’t ask him to read aloud in front of everyone, give him more time to understand instructions, Do not punish All the spelling mistakes in the writing … it is to discuss the subject with the teacher so that he becomes aware of the difficulty of the child.

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