In their report to the government in 2020, members of the Citizens’ Climate Convention made no mistake. Among their proposals, as a proof: “Revise the education code to generalize environmental and sustainable development education (EEDD) In the French school model. Our enlightened citizens, who looked at it before them, discovered the same inconsistencies: in France, we always talk more about the environment, but we learn very little about it.
The idea, however, is not new. He is in his fifties. “We find it in allied circles and political environmental movements since the 1970s.” Testified by sociologist Marie Jacques, author of a thesis on environmental education in France and lecturer at the University of Ax-Marseille (UAM). At the time, it passed through the first popular teaching innovative practices and through pioneering committed projects such as the mythical naturalist magazine. HulotFounded in 1972, which awakened a generation of citizens to the art of understanding and loving the living.
The government authorities themselves will at least take up the matter in speeches. At its institutional level, the concept emerged during the first major international conference on the environment, Mary notes to Jack. We found him at Stockholm in 1972, at the United Nations Conference on the Environment, and then at the International Seminar on Environmental Education in Belgrade in 1975.. In France, a circular on environmental education was introduced in 1977.
Problem: National education will never activate it. Admittedly, we have been agitating for years. In 2013, the School Reform Act introduced it into the education code and created the label “E3D” (e.g. “School Institutions in the Sustainable Development Process”) Most recently, in 2019, the status of “eco-delegates” was invented in the classroom … but the method or course time was not followed. After all, programs run without the main tool of understanding ecology: science.
“I don’t see any scientific ambition in the early stages.”Mark-Andre Cellouse, a biologist and professor at the National Museum of Natural History, disappointed a great activist for the promotion of life sciences, the earth and the environment in school. “Teachers are not even equipped to talk about trees in their own school yard because they are pushed towards literature during their own training and weaned from science.”. In secondary school, the situation, he says, is just as worrying. “We transmit the environment here and there, in GEO, in SVT or in ecoscience, to the detriment of a truly systematic approach.”
In short, ideological bias prevails over the scientific method. “Today we are in a highly ethical environmental education, influenced by Adam’s doctrine [l’Agence de l’environnement et de la maîtrise de l’énergie, ndlr]Researcher Marie Jack (UAM) analyzed. Treatment of water, waste, electrification of economy: Young people learn management thinking and the ideology of eco-citizenship and sustainable development.
This observation is further compounded by the fact that the current crisis – health, climate, biodiversity, etc. – requires strong scientific tools. “Previous generations have made mistakes about system problems. It is very important to give a tool to make the young generation better!“, Lightning Mark-Andre Cellos.
“There is a double interest in training in scientific ecology, François Deroo, director of the Petitas Debruilards Scientific Discovery Association, adds that each year it helps about 700,000 young people between the ages of 5 and 25 in France: Be aware of the seriousness of the situation and be able to take part in it. There are only worries… and solutions that go along with it. “ Like Marc-Andre Cellos, Franোয়াois DeRo defended a science that would be an integral part of culture, like play or theater. And science as a dynamic approach throughout life, the only way, according to them, to understand and continue working around us: “Knowledge changes every six months, and so does the solution.”François Deroo Note.
While waiting for school to begin, however, everything is not lost: the remedial session on scientific ecology is now within reach. For children, teens or adults, space and options abound. “The offer has grown and diversifiedMark-Andre encourages Cellose: Let us quote, Pell-Mail, the sustainable center of initiative for the environment (About 80 in France today)Botanical Gardens, Inter-Age University and their conferencesThose The general public, the naturalist society, or of course, the Museum of Natural History “. Not to mention “great historical associations” such as the LPO (which claims that 500,000 people become aware of environmental education each year) or FREN (formerly the School and Nature Network). Finally, there is the media, which counts “Excellent Popular”: Matthew Wiedard (“The Earth Squad”) on France Inter, Jamie Gourmoud on France TV, etc.
Another piece of good news concerns the democratization of a quality practice: civic science. “The method itself is not new. In the museum, our first program, called Stoc (Common bird time tracking), Dated 1989, Nathalie Machon, professor of urban ecology, has underlined the scientific manager of the Plant Participatory Science program at MNHN. What’s new, on the other hand, is that we’re addressing the general public now, and it’s largely compliant. ” Symbolizing this success, the general bird count brings together more people over the weekend: more than 17,000 participating gardens in January and more than 4,000 in May. For Tela Botanica, a network of French-speaking botanists, now has about 60,000 members …
Digital tools (applications and platforms) and scientists have been helped by their own awareness, “Those who have finally learned to go to their comfortable labs”, The method connects participants to science and their environment. So My street barbarian, A participatory census of urban plants was launched in 2011 by the museum. “This is a great achievement, more so when the local relay receives it, Nathali Machan testified. In Blois, for example, almost the entire city has been discovered!. “As long as we pay attention to it, He finishes, Man’s appetite for living discovery is clear. “