AFP, Published on Thursday, May 19, 2022 at 5:40 p.m.
A child is standing alone, raising his hand and hiding his face in a mound of dirt. According to internet users who shared the photo on Facebook, he was “crying in the new grave of his relatives killed in an inter-communal war in Sudan.” Warning: This photo was originally taken at the world’s largest refugee camp, Dadabe, more than 2,300 kilometers from Darfur, which was declared closed by the Kenyan government and the United Nations.“A horrible pictureAn internet user commented, “A little girl in a green, red and black dress is standing in the middle of several mounds of earth, apparently buried. Behind her, Savannah stretches as far as the eye can see.”
This will be the childLost home and family“Inside”An inter-communal war in Sudan“This image is said to be one of the shared publications. The other confirms that the image was taken more accurately.”Darfur“A western part of the country has been plagued by civil war since 2003.
Screenshots of a Facebook post made on May 18, 2022, and these posts have been shared dozens of times since April 25 on Facebook in Chad and Sudan (1, 2).
Kenyan refugee campsBe careful though: the picture we are examining has nothing to do with the Darfur conflict. It actually shows More than 2,300 kilometers from Darfur, a child in the world’s largest refugee camp in Dadab, eastern Kenya.
Google Maps screenshot, taken May 19, 2022
A reverse image search on the Yandex search engine lets you find it on Flickr, a site dedicated to photography published by the NGO Oxfam East Africa account.
According to its metadata and captions, it was taken and shown by Andy Hall on July 25, 2011 “A young girl in the middle of the graves of 70 children recently excavated at the edge of the camp, often dying of malnutrition“From Dadab.
Screenshot of the Flickr site, taken May 19, 2022, contacted by AFP on May 18, 2022. Freelance photographers confirm that the captions and metadata visible on Flickr were accurate. “[Cette photo] It has nothing to do with the Darfur conflict“, He assured, and looks good.”A child in the graves of other children who died in the camp [kényan]”
Andy Hall was there. “For an Oxfam Commission to highlight the living conditions in the camp, which at the time became the largest refugee camp in the world.”
The vast majority of these people. “There isDuring the war neighboring Somalia fled and the drought worsened the situation“, Says the photographer. In December 2021, according to the NGO Médecins sans Frontières (MSF), the camp hosted more than 230,000 refugees, mainly Somalis who had fled their country since the start of the civil war.
A Somali father and his daughter line up with other refugees to enter a registration center at the Dagahale Camp in the Dadahab Complex on August 2, 2011, after fleeing Somalia to escape the raging famine in the Horn of Africa (AFP) / Tony Carumba)ClosedIn recent years, Kenya has repeatedly threatened to shut down Dadab, citing it as a security risk and a recruiting ground for Somali Islamist Shebab militants.
In 2016, the government announced its intention to close Dadaab. But the following year, the High Court of Justice ruled the plan unconstitutional, arguing that it violated Kenya’s international commitments and the extent of the persecution of refugees.
In 2019, two months after the attack on Nairobi’s Dusit hotel complex, which killed 21 people, the government again planned to close the camp. But this purpose was not followed.
The UNHCR press release, published in April 2021, quoted Kenyan Minister Fred Mathiang as saying that the official closure of Dadab Camp and neighboring Kakuma Camp should take place by June 30, 2022.
However, Abigail Lukhwaro, head of advocacy for Kenya’s MSF, qualified for the announcement with AFP on 19 May.
“ISo far no closure has been discussed, but alternative solutions have been discussed, such as moving from the camp to a place where the refugee and host communities meet.He explained.
“UNHCR is working with the Ministry of Home Affairs to develop these solutions, but this requires significant investment.“
Either way, the camp will not be closed within the timeframe set by the Kenyan government and the UNHCR. “Not realistic“For Abigail Lukhwaro,”Considering the situation [qui ne s’est pas améliorée] Extremely low quotas allocated for resettlement of refugees in the countries of origin and in third countries”