NASA details future phases of space exploration on the Moon and Mars

In a document published on its site on May 17, NASA unveiled its plans for the future of space exploration, listing the scientific and technological objectives to be achieved in the coming years. Goal: To pave the way for possible landings of astronauts on Mars.

Although it has not yet launched its first Artemis lunar mission, NASA The arrival orchestra has already begunAstronaut On mars. Human exploration of the Red Planet is considered a key milestone in the future of space exploration, the bizarre billionaire Elon Musk Certification of the arrival of the first Mars settlers Before 2030. To this end, the US space agency has published May 17, 2022 A document detailing 50 points will accomplish the goal of starting a rush to Mars. The list is divided into sections: design of transportation and housing systems, creation of space infrastructure or even scientific and technological objectives that will be accomplished during the mission. The moon Or March.

Preparations for colonization of Mars

With this document, NASA reveals its ambitions To perpetuate the human presence in space, And more specifically the moon and Mars. The list includes several points related to the creation and establishment of transport networks between Earth and space bases. Needed to form a permanent outpost, a relay can be placed to allow large amounts of material to be transferred to the moon. NASA wants to estimate some of the problems that astronauts may encounter 300,000 kilometers from Earth. Point n ° 8 (TH-8) emphasizes the need to design a system capable of monitoring the health of astronauts in order to be able to provide rapid medical assistance in the event of an emergency transfer to Earth.

Regarding the installation of such infrastructure, The ambitions of the American space agency Worthy of the science fiction series Expansion. NASA wants to build one Electrical network On the moon, able to providePower To one ” Industrial scale “. The administration wants to measure further by addressing the part of Mars in the document: establishing a permanent communication network with Earth and allowing an electrical networkAutonomy A manned mission to the Red Planet.

The report explains that one of the priorities of such missions is to conduct scientific experiments on the surface of Mars and the moon. Astronauts have to carry that way Geological survey, Makes it possible to study the evolution of our natural satellites and red planets. Future explorers will also look for signs of volcanic or seismic activity, while the specimens will be returned to Earth for a more detailed analysis.

Artemis, step before Mars

The chances of seeing a human crew land on Mars before 2030 are dwindling. NASA’s main goal, by 2027, is to complete the Artemis program. The second, launched in 2018 under the Donald Trump administration, should allow the United States to land astronauts on the moon fifty years after the end of the program. Apollo. Initially, the Artemis III manned mission was scheduled to launch in 2024. But due to many delays by NASA, this date has already been postponed to 2025. The first mission of the Artemis program, which will test its capabilities New rocket Space launch system (SLS) and Orion Capsules, should be launched about eight months late in the summer of 2022. If it is difficult to predict whether NASA will be able to meet this new deadline, the date of manned arrival on Mars could be slipped beyond 2030.

In the meantime, two Curiosity rovers Perseverance Continue wandering in the desert of the Red Planet. They provide new ones regularly Images and data from Mars. The opportunity for researchers to learn more about the history of the planet, its past habitation, and the possible signs of life when it appeared on the surface of the water 3 billion years ago.

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