Tomorrow’s transport: green and sustainable mobility

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Every day, the Kat Linh-Ha Dong urban rail line trains carry about 10,000 passengers.

Photo: VNA / CVN

During the summer morning rush hour, the trains on the Cat Lin-Ha Dong urban rail line in Hanoi are all crowded. Most of the passengers are employees, students using monthly passes. “After my friend invited me to try this train, I decided to use it every day.”Nguyên Minh Phuong is located in Hà Dông District.

“Before, I wasted 50 minutes driving my motorcycle to my office on Kim Ma Street. Now it only takes me 20 minutes, so after trying a few times, I decided to buy a monthly pass.” He says.

The use of this mode of transport also allows him to reduce his gas bill. Also, the train runs smoothly which allows passengers to be calm and stress-free at work, which is not always the case when faced with a traffic jam on a motorcycle in the morning.

Also, at the stations, the connection to the bus network is very convenient. There are currently 54 bus lines connected to the Cat Lin-Ha Dong Urban Railroad, of which 16 are at the first of the Cat Lines and at the Yen Enghia Terminal, and eight at the intermediate stations.

Wu Hong Trung, general manager of Hanoi Railway Line (Hanoi Metro) Ltd., said that four months after its launch, the Kat Linh-Ha Dong urban rail line is already serving a large number of passengers. Every day, the trains carry 10,000 passengers daily and 15,000 passengers on weekends.

Outside of this urban rail line, transportation in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City is becoming greener with some electric bus lines and bike-sharing services.

To date, Winbas Green Transportation Services Co., Ltd. (Vinggroup) operates four electric bus lines in Hanoi and one in Ho Chi Minh City. Southern Megalopolis has decided to apply 7,000 VND / passenger fares for this line, for regular buses. When using an electric bus, passengers can pay with a national payment card or a UNIPAS card issued by the Public Transport Management Center.

“Electric buses contribute to achieving the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and at the same time, changing people’s habits. The city plans to gradually replace diesel vehicles with electric vehicles to protect air quality.”Ho Chi Minh, vice-president of the People’s Committee of Ho Chi Minh City, made the assumption.

Strengthen the connection

To strengthen the connection between the modes of transport, since December 2021, Ho Chi Minh City has put Mobike public bicycles into service on an experimental basis.

Residential in Nguyên Dang Nam, 3e Ho Chi Minh City District, said that after work, he often rents a public bicycle from a station on Nguyen Thi Min Khai Street near his office, to get around. For a trip
6km, he only has to pay 10,000 VND. Three months later, more than 109,000 people used these bikes, for a total of 124,000 hours, or 723,000 km, according to a representative of the TriNam Group, an investor in the service.

Following this success, the People’s Committee of Hanoi recently commissioned the Municipal Department of Transportation and Communications to create similar projects in some of the inner city districts. For the first time, in 2022-2023, 1,000 bicycles will be put into service, of which 500 electric bicycles or Dean, Tae Ho, Dong Da, will be distributed to 70-80 stations in Thanh Juan District – Hà Dông. For the second time (2023-2024), about 3,000 will be available at 350 stations in other boroughs.

Overcome obstacles

Aerial view of the line Not an urban railway – Hanoi station.

Photo: VNA / CVN

The development of green transport in major cities of Vietnam is implemented by the municipal authorities. However, there are still barriers, especially in terms of financial resources, technology, processes and awareness of residents.

As part of a development plan by 2030, the city will have ten railways, according to Dung Duk Tuan, vice-president of the Hanoi People’s Committee. In the near future, the Kat Linh-Ha Dong urban railway will be extended to Juan Mai’s satellite urban area.

However, with very large scale projects like urban railways, there are many difficulties due to lack of process and policy, capital, skilled human resources and land acquisition issues.

For example, the Urban Railway Project No. 3, started ten years ago, for the Nhôn-Hanoi station division, has achieved an overall progress of only 74.36%, mainly due to lack of space for construction of its underground part. Similarly in Ho Chi Minh City, under construction for ten years, the urban railway line No. 1 Ban Than – Sui Tien is not yet complete.

Lee Trung Hugh, deputy head of the Hanoi Urban Railway Management Committee, said there was still a lack of processes and policies to adapt to such projects in the capital and, more broadly, across the country. In order to accelerate the construction of large transport projects, conditions for development, acquisition of land, funds, human resources need to be prepared.

In addition to investing in infrastructure, residents’ awareness is also important. “We must actively educate residents about the interests of green transport and the need to limit individual means of transportation”, Bui Thi An, vice-president of the Union of Scientific and Technological Associations of Hanoi, suggested.

According to him, city authorities should focus on building pedestrian roads, encouraging residents to walk or use bicycles, electric vehicles and public transport.

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