Specialist: Dr. Stephen Clargett, Pediatric Psychiatrist
You’ve probably heard it before: so-called “hyperactive” children suffer from a developmental disorder, including difficult behaviors With or without hyperactivity… These children, listed as difficult, suffer from an obstacle that prevents them from paying attention and concentrating. Explanation by Dr. Stephen Clargett, Pediatric Psychiatrist.
What does ADHD mean? What are the 3 types?
ADHD is short for “Child with Attention Deficit (AD) Disorder (T) with or Hyperactivity (H)”. It’s one Neurodevelopmental disorder Which combines different symptoms. We suspect a variety of factors: genetic, environmental, associated with a difficult delivery … but none are officially associated with ADHD at this time.
The disorder has three main behaviors: inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. This is why there are three types of ADHD in children: Inattentive childrenWith the main symptoms of inattention, hyperactive and emotional children, whose characteristics will prevail, and children with mixed disorders, whose behavior is a mixture of the two.
“There will be a child with ADHD Difficulty concentratingHe is challenged by all the stimuli he sees or hears, whether he is out, in the park, at school or at home. “ Child psychiatrist Stephen Clarget described. In ADHD, for example, carelessness is characterized by distraction from all external sounds or stimuli; The child may not be able to concentrate too long to follow an activity, for example. In ADHD, emotion is characterized by a child who waits with difficulty, for example in a row. Finally, in ADHD, a child’s hyperactivity will be identified From one activity to anotherWithout any completion.
This attention deficit disorder is constant, it is repeated for a long time. “He touches more often The boys And 2 to 3% of children of all ages are concerned, but the diagnosis of ADHD is sometimes made with a punch. ” Regret for the expert.
What is the age of diagnosis of ADHD? What are the symptoms?
For physicians, the diagnosis cannot be made reliably before the age of six. “Some professionals talk about ADHD for 3 year olds, I think it’s a lot Very soon To diagnose a child at this age, even if ADHD symptoms are known. A
ADHD is characterized by symptoms Motor hyperactivityAnxiety, impulsivity, and a lack of attention, but these disorders can be caused by other conditions, so it is important to rule out all other causes before diagnosing ADHD. “The diagnosis of ADHD occurs when all other causes are ruled out because the child may suffer from it Educational disorders, Hormonal pathology, anxiety disorder or Depressed…
Is my son overactive? What tests to find out?
As a parent, if you have a child who is often agitated, whose response is sometimes inappropriate, Behavioral criteria Similar to ADHD, one wonders if one’s child does not suffer from this problem. ” Children with ADHD are constantly restless, except in front of the screen, but this is because the snake bites its tail. The screen Promoting hyperactivity, Reminds the child psychiatrist. Children with this syndrome should consult a specialist to see if a Child psychiatrist Or a neuro-pediatrician, to diagnose, because tests must be performed by these professionals.
Psychiatrists, pediatric psychiatrists … Which specialist should be consulted and which treatment should be given?
Diagnosis will require several sessions with one or the other of these professionals. ” If a doctor tells you that your child has ADHD after one session, it is not serious. “ Dr. Clarjet warns. Effective, Various tests, Including questionnaires, neuropsychological examination and assessment of the child’s family environment are essential. ” Other tests, to determine potential obstacles Hearing Where VisualBut it is also important to follow up with a psychologist. ” Supports the doctor again.
Therapeutically, unfortunately, not much. ” These are the most well-known derivatives of amphetamines Ritalin: (Or methylphenidate), quite dangerous, so children are closely monitored when prescribed. They can cause unwanted side effects, such as a Appetite suppressionDepression, headaches, tremors … “, Refers further to the expert.
Before starting any treatment, it is important to take stock of the child’s health condition. In the case of Ritalin®, it works DopamineBy slowing down its elimination of a cerebral neurotransmitter. It calms the baby and reduces his discomfort. If, according to some parents, it has a spectacular effect on their children, the molecule is classified as an entity. “Best Effective Effective” According to expert journal prescriptions. However, Ritalin does not cure ADHD and in addition requires follow-up psychotherapy for the baby.
Instead, Dr. Stephen Clarget recommends extensive school observation with the establishment of a school. AESH Involve teachers every day (with a student with a disability) to help the child, promote and establish the child’s learning A schedule of sessions Regularly with a variety of health professionals, such as a speech therapist or psychotherapist to teach her how to control her emotions. Academic arrangements in class are sometimes recommended (schedule, day break, etc.).
How does ADHD affect daily life?
In general, ADHD has a strong effect on a child’s family life, social life and school life, as it is often overwhelmed by his emotions. In fact, children are often Angry, He is stingy and easily disobedient. Disadvantages that often affect family life and a Quiet environment. Psychological support for the whole family is often recommended.
In school, difficulties are very present and affect learning. The baby can feel it too Less approximate Because of his ailments, which can make him underestimate himself and feel deprived by his comrades. He may be anxious and frustrated.
At home, problems affect her behavior and parents are often brought in for counseling on a child who does not listen, who shows aggression, anger, disrespect for rules … same thing InsideCommunityWhere disturbances can resonate throughout the group and affect social relationships.
Individually, in a child with ADHD, we can find sleep disorders, enuresis (Bed wetting), learning disabilities, ticks, Anxiety Even Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD).
During adolescence, hyperactivity often decreases, but attention deficit disorder and mood swings usually persist. It causes academic difficulties, Family conflict And with other young men his age. It is therefore important to maintain self-esteem to prevent adolescents from falling prey to certain addictions, such as Excessive alcohol consumptionIllegal substance intake or even Screen abuse And on average, one in two teenagers will still have problems in their youth, which will affect their social, personal and professional life.