Dysgraphia: Definition, Causes, Identification and Treatment

Specialist: Dr. Stephen Clargett, Pediatric Psychiatrist

Mispronounced characters, inaccurate handwriting, deleting notebooks … children with dysgraphia have great difficulty To writeBut also for this Draw. Writing is difficult for these children to acquire and perform, and this disability caused by a neurological deficiency can interfere with their daily lives, especially At school. We have stockpiled this particular disorder with pediatric psychiatrist Dr. Stephen Clargett.

Subtle and complex activity, writing a period for a construction, requires a certain concentration of learning time. But once acquired Automatic. In the case of dysgraphia, the dysgraphic child will not be able to automate his writing, though Learning. The handwriting of a dysgraphic child is too slow, unreadable or tedious for him. It requires a lot of effort, especially at the cognitive level.

It can be recognized by looking at the specific symptoms of the child:

– He presents a lack of clarity in writing;

He is unable to master the tools for writing such as pencil, pen or ruler;

– Their handwriting is difficult to read, inaccurate and shows a lack of self-confidence, which can lead to anxiety or refusal to act on the writing.

There are different types:

– In case of dysgraphia StrictMakes the line tense and hypertonic with a tension and tension while writing;

– In case of dysgraphia SoftWith a loose outline, an irregularity in the shape of the letters which gives the impression of neglect;

– In case of dysgraphia Slow and preciseWhose graphics are very applied, with extra structure and precision, which makes the writing tedious for the child;

– Dysgrapher’s case Emotional Whose movements are quickly and poorly controlled, resulting in damage to structures and organizations.

What is the cause of this disorder of dysgraphia, writing and graphics?

Dysgraphia is usually a Isolated disorder. Children who suffer from it do not have any mental or intellectual disorder, in most cases the child receives a normal education.

Dysgraphia can sometimes be secondary to pathology Nervous. In this case, the important thing is to adapt the request to the child’s ability. This requires support and adaptation.

Dyspraxia, a specific disorder of the acquisition of movement coordination, systematically causes dysgraphia. We often think less about it, but dysorthography also leads to dysgraphia, because Misspelle, children may also have difficulty writing and may struggle to find letters (s) consistent with the word, which slows them down.

“Finally, track the communication disorder or inconvenience Psycho-Affective Not to be overlooked, Dr. Clarjet says. In this particular case, the difficulty for the child comes from the incident of leaving a written trace, which creates writing problems.

Tests, Examples, Speech Therapy Assessment … Who to consult?

In order to evaluate dysgraphia, it is necessary to rule out any other factor that may explain this disorder. The child will then have to undergo various check-ups with different health professionals to rule out any other pathology. Led by Child psychiatristThe child will need to see an ophthalmologist, a psychologist, a speech therapist who coordinates the follow-up. Psychomotor therapist… Each of them will determine with due care, depending on the origin of the dysgraphia, or rule out possible visual impairment (a vision problem, which may explain the difficulty of writing).

Dysgraphia will be managed and treated in different ways to improve writing and gestures. Most of the time it is the speech therapists and psychomotricians who help the child. Speech therapists will give details The child’s sufferingMake an assessment and suggest a suitable follow-up

And who treats dysgraphia?

Psychomotricians will provide more motor assistance. He will help the child to treat his dysgraphia through exercises that integrate one aspect More spatial or motor. To improve the final rendering of the text, especially in the form of letters, to relax the hand and make the gesture more fluid.

Occupational therapist Also enters the treatment of dysgraphia, emphasizing rehabilitation, setting work goals for the child, helping him to improve.

Finally, the graphotherapist works with the child in writing pedagogy. He specializes in this rehabilitation, he will start again Alphabet With the child, letter after letter, their training to work again. ” The graphotherapist is a writing specialist who will work with the child on pen holding, wrist positioning, and fine motor skills. But there are a few of them in France, for that reason other experts like Special Speech Therapist in GraphologyCan make a child work with these skills “, Dr. Clarjet says.

dys Do you have any exercises to correct handwriting?

There are graphic exercises that can slowly correct the handwriting of a dysgraphic child, thanks Re-education, Which may require significant effort. This is why it is important to choose fun exercises so as not to discourage the child and strengthen his lack of self-confidence. Children will also be encouraged to breed Easy sizeTo work in the form of written letters, like loop or dotted lines.

While learning fine motor skills, it is also important to take care to correct the child’s weak holding of the pencil, encouraging him to understand. Body pictures Before he starts writing, ask him to sit comfortably …

Dysgraphia in school

In school, child teachers must be aware of the child’s disability and its weak points as a dysgraphic. A personalized project The child can be taught in school by the teacher in consultation with health professionals and parents “, The expert adds. “The School development The use of a computer or other IT equipment, such as a tablet, which can help a child to write by setting a distance, is very important to be made by his teacher to enable him to work in good condition. Refers to Dr. Stephen Clargett, who recommends the concerned parents for the most complete care possible for this chronic disease.

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