Attacks on education have increased worldwide during the epidemic

The Global Coalition to Protest Education from Attack (GCPEA), a partner organization of Human Rights Watch, distributes it.

(New York) – More than 9,000 students, teachers and scholars have been injured or killed in attacks on education in the past two years, according to a 265-page report entitled “Education Under Attack 2022”. Victims of Attack Education – Report 2022 ”) And the Global Coalition to Protect Education published today from Attack (Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attacks, GCPEA). More than 5,000 individual attacks against schools or universities or their use for military purposes and against students, students or teachers occurred in 2020 and 2021; This is a significant increase over the last two years.

Researchers who wrote Education under attack – 2022 report The number of attacks on education and the military use of schools increased by one-third between 2019 and 2020, and will continue to increase at this rate in 2021, even after schools and universities around the world were closed for a long time during Covid-19. GCPEA attacks have increased in countries such as Burkina Faso, Colombia, Ethiopia, Mali, Myanmar and Nigeria, as well as in other countries such as Mozambique and Azerbaijan, while declining trends were noted in South Sudan, Syria and Yemen. Attacks intensify in 2022: More than a thousand schools and universities in Ukraine have been damaged since February 24, according to Ukraine’s Ministry of Education and Science and civil society organizations.

It is crucial that the government and armed groups stop attacking education and stop using schools and universities for military purposes. GCPEA executive director Dia Nijhone said. ” The government should investigate the attack and bring to justice those responsible for the abuse. In the campaign to return to Covid-19 post-school, they should fully mobilize students affected by the attack, expanding alternative education activities during the epidemic if necessary. A

Attacks on education include armed forces and non-state armed groups bombing and setting fire to schools and universities, and killing, injuring, raping, abducting, arbitrarily arresting and recruiting students and teachers in or near educational institutions during armed conflict. In addition to the deaths and injuries caused by these attacks, the destruction and occupation of schools disrupts education, sometimes permanently, and has long-term social and economic consequences.

Explosive weapons, involved in one-fifth of all reported attacks on education, have had particularly devastating effects, killing or injuring countless students and teachers, and damaging hundreds of schools and universities. In Afghanistan, at least 185 students – most of them girls – and teachers, were killed or injured in IED attacks on schools in the first half of 2021 alone. Increased hostility in May 2021.

Nearly two-thirds of all reports of education and military use collected by the GCPEA were for school strikes, the same as in the previous two years. In 2020 and 2021, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mali and Palestine were the countries most affected by school attacks, with each of these countries experiencing more than 400 actual threats or attacks.

In 2020 and 2021, the rate of military use of schools and universities by the armed forces and non-state armed groups more than doubled compared to the previous two years. This increase was due to an increase in the number of schools used for barracks, detention centers or military operations. More than 200 such cases have been recorded in Myanmar, most since the February 2021 military coup.

Targeted attacks on students and teachers have also been widespread. In Nigeria, more than 1,000 students or teachers have been reported abducted, injured or killed, at least a third of them women and girls. The rate of these attacks, many of them carried out by unknown armed groups, has increased since December 2020. Large numbers of students and academics have also been threatened, abducted, injured or killed in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Palestine, Somalia and Colombia.

Armed groups or armed forces have also targeted schools for recruiting children In the past two years, state armed forces or armed groups have recruited students from schools in Colombia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Mali and Yemen, while schools and universities in at least seven countries have been accused of being responsible for sexual violence by armed forces, security forces or armed groups.

Universities, their students and staff have also been hit by fires with reports of more than 320 incidents in the last two years. Most of these attacks targeted university students and staff, with a quarter targeting academic institutions. More than 550 students or university staff were injured, abducted or killed, and another 1,450 were detained, arrested or punished.

The Covid-19 epidemic did not slow down the attack on education. Indeed, some violations have become more prominent in 2020 and 2021. Armed forces and non-state armed groups have taken advantage of empty schools to use them for military purposes, including in Afghanistan, Myanmar, Sudan and Syria. Elsewhere, police responded with extra force to student and academic protests against the policy of closing or reopening schools and universities during the epidemic, including the use of water cannons and tear gas. In other countries, such as Colombia and Palestine, reopening of schools damaged by the attack has been delayed or reopened with damaged facilities since the lockdown was lifted.

The report, published on the seventh anniversary of the Safe School Declaration, a political commitment to protect education in armed conflict, endorsed by 114 countries. By adhering to the Declaration, countries are committed to taking strong action to protect education, including the use of guidelines to protect schools and universities from military use during armed conflict. Since the declaration was opened for approval in 2015, the government and its partners have made real progress in legislation and practice to protect education from attack. Not more than one-third of the countries featured in the report are signatories.

As attacks on schools and universities, their students and educators continue to occur in new and protracted conflicts, the Safe School Declaration, on its seventh anniversary, remains an essential tool. Said Diya Nijhone. ” All governments should support and implement the Declaration to save lives and protect the right to education for all, especially those in the worst war situations.. A

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