That was two years ago and it was historic: SpaceX is sending people into space for the first time. Since then, it has become somewhat commonplace for American companies.
It was June 30, 2020. A Falcon 9 rocket has moved away from Earth’s gravity for a very special mission. In fact, for the first time in almost ten years, an American vehicle took a crew into space. Inside the launch vehicle chartered by SpaceX were two NASA astronauts: Douglas Hurley and Robert Behenken. Their goal: to reach the International Space Station (ISS).
The mission titled Demo-2 has been successful. After about 63 days on the ISS, at an altitude of 400 km, the two men landed off the coast of Florida and returned to Earth. By doing so, SpaceX has paved the way for the resumption of the human spacecraft from the United States, almost a decade after the retirement of the American space shuttle – it retired from active service in July 2011.
In many ways, this mission, launched two years ago, was historic: it marked the return of the United States to space competition, with the restoration of its own capabilities for autonomous access to the extra atmosphere. After all, the mission involved an American company, a ship launched from American soil, with a national crew inside. All right boxes have been checked.
Since then, SpaceX has not been inactive. After Douglas Hurley and Robert Behenken, who were seen as pioneers, the American company always conducted six more manned missions from the United States with the help of an American rocket. On the passenger side, however, there has been an openness to other nationalities within the framework of partnerships with foreign space agencies or on private flights for tourism purposes.
For two years, 24 people have already been transported between Earth and space under the supervision of SpaceX – one can almost say that a certain routine has been fixed for society, it has become a “banal”. Just as the automatic return of the first phase of each launch rocket has become trivial, it will be used again later.
SpaceX’s first operational mission to the ISS, for six months (November 2020 – May 2021). Victor J. Glover was flying his first spacecraft, the other three have already been sent to the ISS two or even three times.
- Michael Hopkins (American, Flight Commander);
- Victor J. Glover (American, pilot);
- Soichi Noguchi (Japanese, Mission Specialist);
- Shannon Walker (American, Mission Specialist);
The new SpaceX mission to ISS, this time from April to November 2021. This mission was followed exclusively in France, due to the presence of Thomas Pesquet on board.
- Robert Shane Kimbro (American, Flight Commander);
- Megan MacArthur (American, Pilot);
- Akihiko Hoshide (Japanese, Mission Specialist);
- Thomas Pesquet (French, Mission Specialist);
Inspiration 4 was SpaceX’s first manned space mission that was not associated with ISS. It involves sending a capsule into orbit around the earth for three days. None of the passengers were professional astronauts.
- Jared Isaacman (American, Flight Commander);
- Sean Proctor (American, Pilot);
- Hayley Arceneaux (American, Mission Specialist);
- Christopher Sembrowski (American, Mission Specialist);
The new six-month mission, with similar features to Crew-1 and Crew-2. It happened from November 2021 to May 2022 Only Thomas Mashburn was an experienced 6 The other three were on their first space flight.
- King Chari (American, Flight Commander);
- Thomas Marshburn (American, pilot);
- Kayla Baron (American, Mission Specialist);
- Matthias Mauer (German, Mission Specialist);
The first American private space mission to the ISS under the auspices of SpaceX in partnership with Axiom. Michael Lopez-Alegria is the only professional astronaut. The other three are tourists. They spent 17 days in the ISS.
- Michael Lopez-Alegria (American, Flight Commander);
- Larry Connor (American, pilot);
- Eytan Stibbe (Israel, Mission Specialist);
- Mark Pathi (Canadian, Mission Specialist);
SpaceX’s latest human mission. He passed away in April 2022 and is scheduled to stay there for another six months. Return scheduled for September. Jessica Watkins is the first black woman to join the ISS.
- Kegel n. Lindgren (American, Flight Commander);
- Robert Hines (American, pilot);
- Samantha Christophorti (Italian, Mission Specialist);
- Jessica Watkins (American, Mission Specialist);