Anaphylaxis in children (definition, causes and symptoms): The right things to do

Specialist: Dr. Daniel Bloch, Pediatrician

Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that occurs quickly and often unexpectedly. When it triggers Immune system Shows a sudden reaction, produces a certain type of antibody in the presence of allergens. Treatment should be fast to avoid serious complications.

Anaphylaxis: Definition

In contrast to the general allergies that may manifest themselves, in particular, by the presence of small skin without too much gravity, anaphylaxis is a reaction. An allergen Occurs quickly after exposure to food, drugs or insect bites. Concerned One or more organs.

What is anaphylactic shock?

Anaphylactic shock is a sudden reaction to exposure to an allergenic product; In short, the allergic reaction is at its highest. “As a result of anaphylactic shock Major respiratory disorders Due to swelling of the uvula and trachea, Dr. Daniel Bloch, a pediatrician, explains. The consequences of this swelling and respiratory disease can be devastating if we do not intervene quickly. Remember that anaphylaxis does not only affect children – “This reaction to an allergen affects children in exactly the same way. And adults , Specifies the pediatrician – however, children (especially at a young age) do not always know how to identify the illnesses that affect them, and may suffer more consequences.

Another important point to note: “You can’t feel the allergic reaction to being exposed to it For the first time In an allergenic product, because after the first exposure the body must make antibodies! , Dr. Daniel Bloch explains. Statements that are not without consequences: “So some parents do not immediately detect anaphylaxis because, for them, they have a child. Already contacted With products without any consequences before. In fact, you can develop allergies without changing anything after the second, tenth, thousand times … “. So you must be careful about your child’s abnormal reaction and do not hesitate to make an appointment with a pediatrician.

What are the signs and symptoms of anaphylactic reactions in children?

The first symptoms of anaphylactic shock in children may be:
– Itching, even hives
– Cold
– Abdominal pain
– Angioedema of the mouth and lips
Shortness of breath (smell)
– Redness of the skin
– hoarsely

Second, shortness of breath may increase, leading to other symptoms associated with a lack of oxygen in the blood:
– Tachycardia
– Low blood pressure
– Pale skin
– Colds and cyanosis,

Different grades (or stages) of anaphylactic shock

– Grade 1 – Cutaneo-mucus symptoms (erythema, fungus, edema).
– Grade 2 – Moderate visceral dysfunction (low blood pressure, tachycardia, difficulty breathing, cough, nausea).
– Grade 3 – Severe visceral damage (severe hypotension, ventricular fibrillation, vomiting) and shock.
– Grade 4 – Circulatory and / or respiratory arrest (ventricular fibrillation, asphyxia).

Why is anaphylactic shock?

Food, medicine, insect bites: Numerous agents that can cause anaphylactic shock.

Which substances usually cause anaphylaxis?

But what are the products of these allergies? “It could be anything and everything, and that’s the problem, Dr. Daniel Bloch explains. But there are some who get worse press than others. Again Food allergies, There is Peanuts And peanuts, sesame seeds, chocolate, in general Strawberriess, kiwi, the Seafood, Etc. In reality, the incidence of anaphylaxis is due to all the products needed to make histamine for digestion. The problem is Histamine That it will increase the response. A Moreover, it is not just food products that can trigger anaphylaxis, as drugs or even injections. Insects (Very often wasps) can cause such sudden allergic reactions.

Corticosteroids, doses of adrenaline … What is the management and treatment against this serious allergy?

And that’s precisely because anaphylaxis, which is triggered by an allergen reaction, can be triggered by all sorts of different products. No specific protocol To prevent this, even if we must avoid exposing ourselves to the same product in case of proven allergies.

On the other hand, once the response is identified you need to respond very quickly, the results can reveal themselves very quickly and can be dramatic. This is an emergency medicine. “Management protocols require that we inject Corticosteroids And Antihistamines Very quickly, as well as a dose of adrenaline intramuscularly adapting to the child’s age and morphology, Details Dr. Daniel Bloch. This should be done very quickly, as the reaction can be fatal.On the other hand, I understand that parents do not have a drug arsenal in their hands. Also, good reflection is called immediately Samu (Dial 15, editor’s note), continue expert. And if possible, we provide anti-inflammatory. You can also ask the child to swallow ice cubes – if he or she can do so without holding his breath or through the airways. Since cold is a vasoconstrictor, its response will be reduced Swelling And allows you to regain some breath while waiting for emergency services to intervene. A

Allergies and food variations

The duration of a baby’s food variation is often A source of concern For parents. In fact, when you know the consequences of anaphylaxis, it is normal to worry about any new foods your child eats and to study all the risk factors. However, Dr. Daniel Bloch is outspoken: “You should not try to avoid certain products! If you have to avoid all the dangers without proof, life seems miserable to me … but you have to stay Be careful No abnormal response. A It should also be kept in mind that allergic reactions do not occur during the first meal, but later, some allergies do not even begin until adulthood for unknown reasons. “For me, the only thing that should limit a baby’s feeding is his ability to eat. Don’t hold your breath And the ability to digest it. Expert Conclusion.

In any case, with the slightest suspicion, we talk to a pediatrician. This is a suggestion AllergistWith some Skin examination (Or pre-test) will be needed to identify the allergen (s) in question.

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