MEPs submit thousands of amendments before negotiations begin – EURACTIV.com

Each political group in the European Parliament has submitted hundreds of amendments to future AI laws, thus setting the tone for negotiations.

These amendments, a total of thousands, are the beginning of the complex negotiations that should begin before the summer, when Brando Benefit, co-reporter for the Internal Market Committee (IMCO) and Dragos Tudorache will try for the Civil Liberties Committee (LIBE). Ensure a majority through compromise.

According to an official of the European Parliament, the deputies of the two main committees are distributed almost evenly around the center-right and center-left axis and this will be one of the most controversial points. “Game of Thrones”.

Definition

One of the most controversial issues is the definition of artificial intelligence (AI).

MEP Mr. Benefit proposed a broader definition, as well as deleting the list of AI strategies and methods in Annex I so that the regulation would be future proof.

In contrast, the center-right European People’s Party (EPP) insists on an agreed definition at the OECD level. PPE introduces a definition of machine learning as the ability to detect trends without being explicitly programmed for a specific task.

Both co-reporters have maintained their opposition to limiting an exception to AI as a general-purpose technology. In addition, the EPP proposes to lighten the burden of responsibility on these suppliers by introducing different requirements for new, old and original suppliers.

Opportunity

The Liberal MEP Mr. Tudorrache has presented a new article for the AI ​​application on Metaverse to include regulation opportunities, including blockchain-based currencies and references to the NFT. He also suggested that the rules apply to suppliers located or not operating in the EU under certain circumstances.

Forbidden practice

Green MPs have made major proposals in terms of prohibited practices, extending this section to include biometric classification, emotion recognition and any automated tracking of human behavior. These practices include recommendation systems that consistently use misinformation and illicit content in law enforcement, immigration, labor, and education.

Biometric identification and recognition

In a major change of position, Mr. Tudorrach joined the Social Democrats and the Greens to argue for a complete ban on biometric recognition, with the exception of the exceptions included in the original proposal.

Regarding biometric identification, both Mr. Tudorache and EPP have proposed to exclude agreed authentication to access a service, device or location from the definition.

Greens Group has introduced a ban on private biometric databases based on data retrieval from the Internet, such as the controversial company Clearview AI.

High risk system

Center-South has proposed a new system that changes the automatic classification of systems under the list of sectors mentioned in Annex III to a list. “For critical use”.

Based on this usage, AI providers should self-assess whether their systems pose significant risks to health, safety and fundamental rights.

In addition, the EPP proposes that the requirements for high-risk applications be partially or completely removed if, by meeting the risk mitigation measures of the regulation, the systems significantly reduce the risk through operational countermeasures or built-in devices.

Conservative lawmakers also excluded systems designed to assess creditworthiness from the high-risk list. In contrast, Green MPs have expanded the segment into media recommendation systems, health insurance processes, payments and algorithms used in debt collection.

The Greens Group has established many stringent environmental requirements and has strengthened the role of third parties and notifications. In addition, fundamental rights impact assessments have been made mandatory for all vendors and establishments.

Legal transparency

EPP proposes to create a new article defining reliability, presenting a series of policies on how the concept should be applied to AI in terms of technical requirements and criteria.

In addition, in order to better define the concepts of accuracy, reliability, robustness and cyber security, conservative legislators have introduced the necessary provisions of the National Metrology and Calibration Authority to provide non-binding guidelines.

Rule

The EPP followed the proposal of the French Presidency of the Council of the EU (PFUE) to involve stakeholders in the work of the European Council on Artificial Intelligence and to give the body more autonomy in setting its own agenda.

Greens wants to provide the Secretariat of the Council of European Data Protection Supervisors (EDPS). The EDPS will act as a supervisory authority for large companies that have violations “Community Dimensions”According to the standards of the European integration regulations.

Lawmakers across the political spectrum appear to be in favor of giving the regulator more investigative powers, with Greens being particularly ambitious when it comes to corrective action.

Advertising and dark patterns

A separate amendment was introduced in support of MEP Maria-Manuel Leitao-Marquez Free advertising alliance trackingA coalition of political leaders, civil society organizations and businesses across the EU has pledged to stop tracking ads on the Internet, to include AI systems used to serve ads online in the list of high-risk systems.

The Greens Group has added a paragraph stating that the need for transparency in automated decision-making will help address and address power imbalances in the digital environment. Dark patterns.

Fine

Liberal and conservative MEPs offer a general reduction in fines, with the EPP noting significant exceptions for SMEs and taking into account factors such as intent, negligence and cooperation in the calculation of fines by the authorities.

In contrast, the center-left MEP, Mr Benefit, is pushing for a general increase in sanctions and for removing the size and market share that the authorities should use to impose sanctions.

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