A UN committee is deeply concerned about the well-being of indigenous children

The committee is deeply concerned about discrimination against children in marginalized and poverty situations, the report said on Thursday.

The committee noted structural discrimination against indigenous and black children, Especially about their access to education, health and adequate living.

It also mentions a disparity in the rights of children with disabilities, migrant children and ethnic minority children, depending on the province or region.

This is the first time in a decade that the committee has reviewed Canada’s accession to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, when an equally scandalous report on the country’s progress was released.

The federal government did not immediately respond to a request for comment on Thursday’s report.

The Convention, which Canada signed in 1991, is a global treaty that sets out a comprehensive list of the rights of all children up to the age of 18. Almost every country in the world has pledged to protect and promote this right.

The agreement is based on four basic principles: the right to non-discrimination, the best interests of the child, the right to life and development and the right to participate.

Mercury pollution in water

The indigenous community of Gracie Narrow is fighting to recognize the effects of their mercury poisoning.

Photo: Radio-Canada

Its expertsThe United NationsLawyers, social workers, child welfare administrators and even a physician have pointed to a number of areas in Canada where these policies are not respected.

For example, experts say that in Ontario, the government needs to provide special health care for children in the Anisinabe community of Grassy Narrows First Nation who suffer from serious and chronic physical and mental health problems due to mercury contamination in water.

The report also highlights the discovery of unmarked graves on the sites of several former boarding schools.

Indigenous and black children are still additionally presented with alternative care such as foster care outside their communities, the report said.

They are at higher risk of abuse, neglect and violence in alternative care than other children in Canada.

In addition to these specific groups of children, the committee also condemns the federal government for failing to protect the rights of all children in our country.Said Sarah Austin, founder of Children First Canada.

30 A. Canadae Rank, according toUNICEF

LawUNICEF Canada ranks 30th out of 38 richest countries for child health in 2020e Locations behind Greece, Latvia and the United Kingdom.

Most people think we will be at the top, the world leader country for childrenSaid Mrs. Austin. So there is a big gap between perception and reality.

Among several recommendations, the committee called on Canada to establish an independent federal commissioner for child rights who is capable of receiving, investigating and dealing with complaints in a child-friendly manner.

Other recommendations include ensuring that children’s access to public health care is not dependent on their parents’ immigration status and repeal section 43 of the Criminal Code, which allows a use. Reasonable power To rule the children.

Proposal 10 years ago

Several federal bills to ban corporal punishment for children have failed in parliament, Austin said.

The committee called for a national strategy to prevent violence against children and noted that Canada’s child welfare system has failed to protect indigenous children from violence in particular.

Austin said the report represents Canada’s failure to implement the fundamental rights of the country’s 6 million children.

Many recommendations were made in the committee’s previous report a decade ago, but no specific steps were taken.

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