France has officially signed the NASA Artemis Agreement

These agreements formalize and strengthen long-term cooperation between the French aerospace industry and its American counterpart.

This Tuesday, France became the last nation to formally join the Artemis Treaty. Thus it is engaged in a great general scientific adventure; With its new partners, the country is formalizing its commitment to sustainable exploration that benefits all humanity. France is the 20th country to join the alliance and the fifth in Europe.

It is a series of international treaties that bring together all governments participating in the Artemis program, a series of ambitious missions aimed at bringing people back to the moon within a few years (see our article).

The text is based directly on the Outer Space Treaty, a text edited by the United Nations in 1967 to lay the groundwork for space law. The purpose is a pretense. “Structure of cooperation in civilian exploration and peaceful use of the moon, Mars and other astronomical objects

It was Philip Baptist, president of our national space agency (Center National d’Etudes Spatiles, or CNES), who attached his signature at the bottom of the document to Philippe Etienne, the French ambassador to the United States.

The formality of long-term cooperation

The signing of the Artemis Accord by France marks a new step in our space partnership with the United States. This is already important for both countries, especially in the field of Mars exploration and Earth observation programs.”, Explains the leader of the French aerospace industry.

And he is already pleased with the scientific, economic and strategic benefits of this signature. “For our scientific community and our industry, this new platform will allow us to challenge ourselves and be among the world’s space leaders.“, He said.

France will probably not be the last country to join this group. In particular, we expect other EU countries to follow suit. But not all signatories will be directly involved in the Artemis mission; Above all they show respect for a code of conduct and cooperation which you can find complete here.

France, on the other hand, should not just make numbers. Bill Nelson, NASA Administrator, welcomed the French team with open arms. “We are delighted to welcome France as a new member of the Artemis Accords family of signatories.“, He explained before recalling the old link that exists between the aerospace industries of the two countries.

France is one of the oldest allies of the United States, and our partnership in space exploration goes back more than half a century.“Nelson says.”This partnership has been further strengthened by France’s commitment to ensuring a peaceful and responsible space for future generations.

An alliance has been frowned upon by some great power

The list of signatories continues to swell despite criticism from some members of the international community. Some governments, starting with Russia, have accused the United States of trying to unite the entire planet Tailor-made programs to serve its own strategic and economic interests. Some media outlets affiliated with the Chinese government have also been highly critical; They denounced what they saw as a form of hidden colony.

A position that is not surprising given the tense relations between Washington and other camps representing Beijing and Moscow; Each pole systematically criticizes third parties when they give the slightest hint of compromise to the other camp.

These last two have also started to form blocks next to them; They have begun setting up their own space cooperation program. This typically involves the construction of a common lunar base. So it can only be hoped that the Artemis Accords will not become a new major sticking point at a time when space is beginning to become heavier in international relations.

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