New York / Paris, June 17, 2022 – A record 36.5 million children were displaced from their homes by the end of 2021 due to conflict, violence and other crises, according to UNICEF estimates – the highest number recorded since World War II. These figures include 13.7 Millions Kids Refugees and asylum seekers. And about 22.8 Millions Kids Internally Displaced by Conflict and Violence.
These figures do not include children displaced by climate and environmental shocks or disasters, as well as newly displaced children. 2022, especially by the war in Ukraine.
The record number of displaced children is a direct result of the cascading crisis – especially between acute and chronic conflicts such as AfghanistanIn countries like fragility Congo is a democratic republic Where Yemen And the impact of climate change has been even more devastating. Like weakness, the displacement of children spreads rapidly. The number of displaced children worldwide has increased in the last one year 2.2 Millions
“We cannot deny the obvious: the number of children displaced by conflict and crisis is growing rapidly – and so is our responsibility to them.” Says Catherine Russell, Director General Of UNICEF. “I hope this alarming statistic will motivate the government to prevent children from being displaced – and when they are displaced, to ensure their access to education, protection and other essential services that support their well-being and development, now and in the future.”
Crisis like the war in Ukraine – which caused the displacement and displacement of more than 2 million children 3 Millions Of People inside the country from February – add this record. Also, children and families are being evicted from their homes due to extreme weather like drought Horn of Africa And a SahelAnd severe flooding BangladeshiInside India And inside South Africa. In 2021, it was 7.3 Millions Of New displacement of children after natural disasters.
The global refugee population has more than doubled in the last decade, with children accounting for almost half of the total. More than a third of displaced children live in sub-Saharan Africa (3.9 Millions Where 36%), a quarter of Europe and Central Asia (2.6) Millions Where 25 %) And 13 % (1.4) Million) in the Middle East and North Africa.
Although the number of displaced and refugee children is at an all-time high, access to essential services and services such as healthcare, education and protection is inadequate. About two-thirds of all refugee children are enrolled in primary school, while about one-third of refugee adolescents are enrolled in secondary school.
Facing multiple risks
Uprooted children – Whether they are refugees, asylum seekers or internally displaced – They may be at serious risk for their health and safety. This is especially true for millions of children who are unaccompanied or separated from their families, who are at high risk of trafficking, exploitation, violence and abuse. Children are almost represented 34 % Of Victims of trafficking are caught in the world.
UNICEF calls on member states to uphold their commitment to the rights of all displaced children. With promises made under the Global Compact for Refugees (RCG) And the Global Compact for Migration (GCM), and invest more in data and research that reflects the actual scale of the problems faced by refugees, migrants and displaced children.
UNICEF calls on the government to take six steps to ensure equal rights and opportunities for all refugees, migrants and displaced children:
- Provide equal support to all children – no matter where they come from ;
- Recognize refugees, migrants and displaced children as children first – with the right to protection, development and participation ;
- Take concerted action to ensure effective access to essential services – including healthcare and education – for all underprivileged children and families, regardless of status. ;
- Protecting Against Discrimination and Xenophobia of Refugees, Immigrants and Displaced Children ;
- Stop harmful border management practices and child immigration detention ; And
- Empower refugees, immigrants and displaced youth to express their talents and realize their full potential.
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The figure shows refugees under UNHCR and UNRWA orders, as well as children of Venezuelan descent displaced abroad, reported separately by UNHCR.
UNICEF presides over the Secretariat of the International Data Alliance for Children on the Move (IDAC), which leads the global effort to improve data availability and quality to improve outcomes for mobile children. Click here to learn more.