Africa is evolving, evolving, it is obvious, and African women play a key role in this evolution and this transformation. Ms. Aicha Wah Diallo, former Minister of Education of Guinea and former Deputy Director General for Education at UNESCO, continues to fight for the betterment of girls’ schools and the emancipation of African women. He says: ” If I didn’t go to school, I would milk cows in the village. Women are the key to the development of the country. ”
In Africa, women have always played an important role in political, economic, social and cultural life. But most women have been left out of Africa’s transformation. Their participation in the life of the state and in the transformation of society has remained inadequate for various reasons: poverty, illiteracy, low participation and integration into socio-economic activities, the weight of tradition. In some African customs, women are still considered inferior to men. Under house arrest, he was kept out of all decision-making areas. The young African girl is condemned, in certain circumstances, for becoming “ The little maid of the house ”
The Covid-19 epidemic, global warming and the aftermath of the Ukraine war have exacerbated inequality between men and women. We notice, however, that in recent years, women’s mobility has increased, their commitment has been confirmed. Africa must bet on women in its three main areas of development, reintegration, social cohesion and agriculture.
Nari, the main actor of Milon
Although most women live in difficult situations, the reconciliation process cannot be successful if the main victims of the conflict are not considered women. They must be placed at the center of the processes of restructuring, restructuring and development of society. Without women, the union and the country can be reorganized? What place have women been or will be given in this reunion process?
The Ivorian Minister for Conciliation and National Cohesion, Caudio Conan Bartin (KKB), confirmed: “ I firmly believe that in C ডিte d’Ivoire, as in all parts of Africa, reunion is not possible without the involvement of women. I would like to implement projects based on women’s participation in public life and the building of an inclusive dialogue. I want to expand the voices of women in debates, round tables and in the media, to promote truly inclusive reconciliation. Women are now recognized as workers in a more tolerant society and a more democratic state. “For KKB,” Global solutions are long term solutions. In order to work immediately, local solutions are needed with lead actors, traditional leaders and women. ”
In the wake of the post-election crisis of 2010-2011 that claimed 3,000 lives, women have always been united for peaceful coexistence in the community. They have turned dialogue into a pillar of compromise. On Saturday, November 20, 2021, at Abobo Town Hall, women from all Muslim and Christian communities in Cote d’Ivoire gathered at the Cote d’Ivoire Women’s Interfaith Platform, thus showing that their interfaith platform is an essential tool for national reconciliation. In all reunification processes, Africa must focus on women.
Women, the main actors of social solidarity
There can be no unity and national unity without social cohesion. Economic opportunities and the development of activities that generate income for women producers help to strengthen social cohesion. At the same time, economic projects to consolidate peaceful coexistence between communities must be accompanied by training in the organization of social solidarity and awareness sessions.
Women are playing an increasingly important role in the crisis prevention and consolidation of social inclusion. These projects make it possible to work locally. On the occasion of Mother’s Day, the Eklohehoun Association, which claims about 2,000 members and aims to speak out for peace in C ডিte d’Ivoire, held a large meeting in Riviera Palmer on Saturday, May 22, 2021.
For the president of the association, Yao Afwe, eklohehun, which means “let’s love each other”, hall ” A school of learning for brotherhood, solidarity and love “Ivorian women want to popularize the ideals of peace and social cohesion among Ivorians after multiple tensions split among Ivorians. In the process of social cohesion, Africa must bet on women.
Women, the main actors in food security
In developing countries, women make important contributions to social inclusion and the rural economy. They represent, on average, 43% of the agricultural workforce, according to the latest international data. But their role is not recognized enough. In a remarkable dossier produced by Le Monde Africa (1), journalist Camille Lawrence highlights the role of African women in agriculture: if they are to become key players in food security on the continent, they are still discriminated against. They have more difficulty accessing agricultural resources and inputs than men. Their land and livestock use less improved seeds than men, use less inputs such as fertilizer. They have difficulty accessing finance and insurance. They have lower levels of education and less access to training and extension services.
Providing better support to rural women in the agricultural sector, investing in enhancing their skills and giving them access to equipment and financing makes it possible to achieve five objectives: Small owners 2) More effectively combat drought and soil degradation caused by climate change and over-exploitation of land 3) Diversify agricultural production and practice new types of production especially through agro-ecology 4) Integrate the positive impact of women on children (health, Education) and family life 5) Ensuring food security. Across Africa, new forms of agriculture and agricultural production, especially agro-ecological practices that are well-received by women, work for their emancipation and liberation. This is why, in the agricultural sector, Africa must bet on women.
University Associate – President of Think Tank Afrique & Partage – Director General of Atlantic University
Contact: [email protected]
(1) Camille Lafrance, The survey was published on the World Africa website on June 15, 2022, “Agriculture: Why Africa Should Focus on Women”.