A panic that threatens the health of children

Health professionals are concerned about the rate of primary and severe cavities, a symptom of a deep disease that affects very young people.


Do you know “Coke Baby”? Lille, nickname given by an article in Médiacités after a search by a dentist in Angéline Leblanc. For his thesis, the latter focused on the worrying case of cavities in very young children. Their milk teeth barely come out that they are all black, oblique or even cavities. Soon, only the original remains. No choice: they must be eliminated. A worrying phenomenon that experts have deeply analyzed.

Bottled with soda

As she describes in her thesis, early caries affects children up to the age of five. It takes a serious form if it affects a child under the age of three, or if the number of infected teeth is significant between the ages of three and five. 80% of childhood caries are found in 20-30% of children. A ratio that is found in the Hautes-de-France region.

This correspondence between early decay and middle life is not just the result of chance. The main driver of this danger is eating sugary drinks. However, companies like ANSES in France show that disadvantaged youth are particularly fond of such products. Parents drink it every day so that they pass on their habits to their little ones. Some children are thus “annoyed” with soda, including cola and ice tea. Hence the nickname given to them.

However, this is not the only reason that comes into play. The more parents come from richer backgrounds, the more they will learn about oral health and the more they will take their children to the dentist. If the problem is noticed at home, early warning can be given. In the opposite case, these health concerns get worse until they reach a climax. The pain can be so severe that they need to be hospitalized. These young people have sleep, eating and behavioral disorders, not to mention the loss of quality of family life.

When the sugar is sour

Of course, this kind of high sugar diet “Promotes the creation of an acidogenic environment“, Explained the dentist in his thesis.”As a result of low pH, and with the association of dental plaque, it leads to mineralization of hard tissues on the surface of teeth. A prolonged acidic environment (more than 20 minutes) prevents re-mining of the enamel, causing the latter to break down, then a cavity is formed.In addition, if such foods are eaten frequently,Saliva buffering power does not have time to work, enamel re-mining cannot occur and cavities are formed

In the Wallonia-Brussels Federation, the Office of Birth and Childhood (ONE) raised concerns several years ago about cavities from the first baby teeth. In 2012, 2.9% of children under 30 months of age already had this problem. An image of growth according to pedodontist Sophie Neybuch. “When I started working about 15 years ago there were eight cavities in the molar in severe cases and now in severe cases they have twenty teeth in the mouth and they have twenty cavities.“, He explained to RTL Info in 2015. In 2017, Michelle Davis, past-president of the Dental Medicine Society, nevertheless reported to DH that 60% of children under 12 had cavities (only 2% less in 1983).

A healthy lifestyle

To solve the problem of the initial cavity, the first reflex is so clearly to ensure the baby’s food. Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended for 0 to 6 months (not later to avoid excess acid metabolism), then gradually solid foods are introduced until the age of two. Then soda, syrup, but sweet teats need to be avoided. Cookies, candy and fruit juices must be exceptional. Ideally, you need to eat four varied and balanced meals per day, as well as limit snacking between meals (only pure water is recommended).

The Japanese study also found that 83% of infants had an inappropriate method of brushing in severe early erosion, but also that mothers smoked more frequently (thus reducing vitamin C levels and increasing the bacteria involved in caries formation). In France, the High Authority for Health (HAS) recommends using toothpaste twice daily according to age-adjusted fluoride dosage: very small amounts up to six months, equivalent to 500 ppm or less for two years. , Less than 1,000 ppm in two to six years, then tends to 1,450 ppm in six to twelve years.

Leave a Comment