Space and Navy. – Information and News China

Space station.



Shenzhou 14’s crew on the left. At the center, Commander Chen Dong (44 years old), experienced Shenzhou 11 in 2016. To her left is Liu Yang (44), who was the first female astronaut in Shenzhou-9 in 2012; To his right Kai Juze (46) is a fighter pilot in his first mission. The launch on the right, June 17, 福建 – Fujian – June 3e Chinese aircraft carrier, designed and built entirely in China.

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On June 5, after a six-hour flight to the Shenzhou-14 capsule, launched from the Jiuquan site by a long rocket, a new crew of three astronauts, including a woman, settled in the central Tianhe module at Tiangang station. -F.

Commander Chen Dong (44 years old) who participated in Shenzhou 11 in 2016 and his two teammates Liu Yang (44 years old), who was the first female astronaut on the Shenzhou-9 board in 2012 and Cai Xuzhe (46 years old) pilot who This is the first mission in which the central module Tianhe 天和 (heavenly harmony) placed in low orbit on April 29, 2021 will spend six months.

The three, who will conduct a series of scientific experiments and do several spacewalks, will have to prepare docking on both sides of the station, scheduled for next July and October, for the Ventian 问 天 and Mentian মড 天 modules.

The mission is the third of its kind to build a space station, scheduled for completion in December. This was preceded by a first three-month mission, which was completed in September 2021, followed by another six months to return to Earth on April 16, 2022. Read: Completion of Shenzhou 13 mission.

From now on, six missions have been scheduled for the end of the year, including two more freight and a new crew mission, responsible for securing the two laboratory modules. These will be assembled in a T-shaped structure in the original Tianhe cabin – creating the ultimate accommodation for astronauts – increasing in size from 50 to 110 cubic meters. Once completed, the Tiangong space station is expected to last 15 years.

Another space mission from Beijing aimed at Mars, where, six years after NASA, the Chinese rover Jhurung চিহ্ন in May 2021, detected signs of the existence of water longer than astronomers expected. Read: China’s ‘Fire God’ landed on Mars!

By 2035, next to the moon will be the third major project to build a Sino-Russian scientific research base open to international participation.

Naval power.



The slogan next to the port of the aircraft carrier refers to an article quoted by Xi Jinping published on the Defense Ministry’s website on June 15. In short, it celebrates industrial power in the service of the সংগ্রাম (struggle) effort to create a nationwide navy.

Stran’s slogan, “不忘 初 心, 牢记 使命 – remember the main purpose, keep the mission in mind” refers to his concern for ensuring the ability to stay in the course of the regime and the loyalty of the armed forces. The name of Marxism and the idea of ​​”Chinese military features”.

The two slogans adopted the idea expressed in the June 15 text: 创立 习近平 强 军, 当代 当代 马克思 主义 主义 理 团 叕 叕 叕 থে:: সাম Expansion of Xi Jinping’s thinking on opening new fields. ” A

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3e The Chinese aircraft carrier was launched on June 17 by Jiangnan Shipyard with a history of merging with Shanghai’s industrial hub, the period of industrialization in 1865. [1].

The Baptized Fujian 8, the third conventional powered aircraft carrier, is much larger than the first two “Liaoning” and “Shandong”. With 80,000 tons of full load displacement, it is the world’s top PA in service, immediately behind the U.S. Navy’s seven nuclear-powered Roosevelt-class PAs weighing 88,000 tons.

The first Chinese PA without a launch pad, with a total length of 316 meters, Fujian, which is entering the experimental phase, which will last at least two years, is equipped with a type catapult take-off assistance system (Catobar). Developed by an electromagnetic device.

Although the type of fighter aircraft on board could be a J-35, a fighter from FC-31, or a stealth multi-role J-31 made in Shenyang, similar to the F-35, American experts estimate that the building has at least 80 fighters. The plane (comparable to 90 aircraft powered by Roosevelt-class nuclear PAs) as well as AWACS-type control and surveillance devices will have a closer look at the Chinese model, twin-engine “Si’an KJ-600” “Grumman E-2 Hawkeye. , Now being tested.

The launch of the first conventional aircraft carrier, the Fujian, with a scale and power comparable to that of the US Navy, testifies to the continued progress of the Chinese navy. According to the Pentagon, its steady rise to power over more than twenty-five years has evolved from a cautious strategy of learning, consolidating and consolidating naval-air strategy.

Progress in numbers is seen first. Between 2000 and 2021, the number of warships increased from 210 to 360, while the number of U.S. navies dropped from 318 to 297. The first level ships include 2 aircraft carriers (+1 in advance). , 40 cruisers or destroyers and 102 frigates or corvettes.

Estimates based on current growth rates suggest that by 2030, the Chinese navy will be equipped with 460 ships, most of which will be first-class surface ships (4 aircraft carriers, cruisers, destroyers, frigates, submarines, marine missile launchers), attack submarines, , Anti-mine vessels and logistic vessels). Read Navy Force Structure and Shipbuilding Plans: Background and Problems for Congress (PDF).

In addition to the classic mission of protecting the logistical line of communication in the Persian Gulf, fighting piracy, evacuating Chinese citizens, and providing humanitarian assistance, American strategists see it as the first serious challenge to the state’s military might. United since 1945.

They believe that the spectacular increase in resources is primarily aimed at denying U.S. naval access to the Taiwan region and the South China Sea, where American warships conduct regular missions that Beijing denies legal authority to enforce freedom of navigation in the waters. Of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.

During the last “Shangri-La Dialogue” in Singapore from June 10 to 12, Defense Minister Wei Fenghe mentioned the missions passing through the Taiwan Strait and Beijing’s claimed waters south of the South China Sea, thus making the United States a major problem in the western Pacific. Accused.

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[1] Established on Changjing Island in the Yangtze River since 2009, the shipyard builds, repairs and maintains civilian and military ships for Chinese and foreign customers. Recently, it has focused its operations on the production of liquefied petroleum gas (LNG) carrier LNG carriers, “Ro-rOops Carriers, tankers, bulk carriers of all sizes, versatile cargo ships and fast-loading container vessels.

In December 2020, Changxing Shipyard delivered the French carrier CGA-CGM “Champs Elysees” (400 meters long, with a carrying capacity of 23,000 containers) (with a delay of ten months), one of only two large container vessels. In a world powered by natural gas.

It should be noted at the time of passage that the Chinese shipyard is one of the customers of French GTT (Gaztransport and Technigs), a naval engineering group that specializes in the concept and design of container systems for transportation by sea and storage in cryogenic conditions. LNG.

Read: New order for GTT, it comes from China.


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