Statistics, warning signs, what to do?

Every summer, about 50 children die in accidental drownings. Lack of supervision has been observed in 1 out of 2 cases. The most risky place: the swimming pool. With Dr. Estelle Darviot, Head of Pediatric Medical and Surgical Emergency at CHU d’Angers, how to avoid drowning and what to do in case of an accident.

[Mise à jour le 21 juin 2022 à 11h23] According to the DROWNING 2021 survey published by Public Health France in June 2022, 22% of accidental drownings recorded in summer 2021 affect children under 6 years of age. Every summer, about 50 children under the age of 13 die in accidental drownings, Public Health France recalls. Lack of supervision has been observed in 1 out of 2 cases Symptoms In case of drowning? If the child Drink a cup ? How Save ? How Avoid drowninge?

According to the DROWNING 2021 survey published by Public Health France in June 2022, 22% of accidental drownings recorded in summer 2021 affect children under 6 years of age. They, over the age of 65, are the most affected by these accidents 6% of children drown. Every summer, about 50 children under the age of 13 die in accidental drownings. Lack of supervision has been observed in 1 out of 2 cases. Most of the children drown in the swimming pool (Compared to sea or river).

In contrast to what is seen in certain films, a The drowning child does not make a sound : She falls into the water and has no time to struggle or cry for help. The main warning sign of drowning is a child who cannot come to the surface of the water, has difficulty breathing or stops breathing when he comes to the surface. “, Dr. Estelle Derviot says.

Drinking a cup means inadvertently swallowing water while swimming. “In this case, we all have Coughing reflex to keep water away from the lungs, Such as when you swallow food incorrectly. It’s an adaptive reflex and if we drink water that goes into the digestive tract, it doesn’t matter because it won’t stop us from breathing.“, Explains the pediatric emergency doctor. On the contrary, Drowning means suffocation due to flooding of the respiratory tract.

যদি If your child is not feeling well after several minutes, and especially if he has one or more of these symptoms, you must notify emergency services immediately.

Poster of resistance if the child drinks the cup. © Public Health France

If your child is unconscious but breathing:

  • Call 15 or 112.
  • Set aside.
  • Straighten his head.
  • Heat it

If your child is unconscious and cannot breathe:

  • Call for help in your neighborhood (neighbor, nurse, a special first aid worker, doctor, etc.).
  • Call 15 or 112.
  • Lay the baby on the floor (no mattress or cushion) and do cardiac massage and oral exercises. “It is not enough just to give orally, even a child who is not breathing often has cardiac arrest (or will soon) and cardiac massage is more important. “, Comments Dr. Estelle Derviot.

“The care will be the same regardless of the age of the child, He continues The first task is to get out of the water and check its condition. If he’s breathing more or less properly, we’ll place him comfortably, probably next to him, and we’ll warm him up. If he no longer breathes, you must notify emergency services and begin resuscitation techniques, such as face-to-face and cardiac massage.

The bathing area needs to be well protected so that the child cannot access it alone and there There is always a responsible adult nearby. “We certainly can Put the armband on the child But also Teach him that this is a potentially dangerous place where you should never go alone And you have to be carefulAdvocate Dr. Estelle Derviot. For example, we can explain to him that if the ball falls into the water, he must call an adult. You just have to be more discriminating with the help you render toward other people. Because, despite the obstacles, there will always be a moment when one can forget to stop it. It is never 100% reliable protection. In general, no security measure is unreasonable So you have to be careful because it doesn’t take long to sink and everything can be done silently

  • Teach children to swim as soon as possible And get acquainted (gain, obtain) with them from a young age
  • Always watch over the kids, always stay close to them while they are playing by the water And bathe with them when they are in the water
  • Each child must be constantly and closely supervised by a single adult who takes care of them while swimming.
  • Take special care when swimming in “above ground” pools (not buried) Who has no safety device

Thanks to Dr. Estelle Derviot, Head of Pediatric Medical and Surgical Emergency at CHU d’Angers.

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