Less than the number of nurseries, kindergartens also welcome 6-year-olds. The purpose of this structure is to promote the awakening of children. Recent legislation for trust schools, however, threatens their future …
If crচche and day nurseries are well-known to the general public, kindergartens are rare. Yet they too have been welcoming children for a long time. It was Friedrich Froebel, a German educator who coined the concept of kindergarten in the 19th century.
In France, kindergartens appeared mainly after the First and Second World Wars. Their goal is to welcome the children of the most disadvantaged families before they start school and allow women to go to work to revive the country’s economy. These kindergartens were designed to reduce social inequality and prepare children for schooling.
Thus, for example, until recently, Parisian kindergartens were associated with Paris Habitat in the management of low-rent housing. From now on, they are attached to the family and early childhood department. In eastern France, the first kindergartens were also located in the social housing districts.
What is a kindergarten?
Kindergarten is the reception area between the combined crche and the nursery school. The purpose of this framework is to welcome children, respect their needs, and promote their awakening through educational activities while meeting the expectations of the Ministry of Education in terms of education.
There are municipal kindergartens, others run by individuals or associations. Each has dynamics and educational methods.
Which children are welcomed in kindergartens?
In the lessons, kindergartens are intended for children aged 18 months to 6 years. “In general, the reception is done for 2 years, when the walk is well acquired and the language develops further. “, Virginia Keller, director of Bisheim Kindergarten and described herself as an educator for young children. Kindergartens also welcome children with disabilities.
In the case of compulsory immunization, children must be in a good position and their parents must present a medical certificate of less than 2 months so that there is no barrier to community reception.
Since the Blanker Act was enacted in July 2019 for a school of trust, from the age of 3, education has now become compulsory. Children can follow their schooling in kindergarten if the structure opens before July 29, 2019, and there is schooling between the beginning of the 2019 school year and the end of the 2023-2024 school year.
Who works in kindergarten?
These organizations may develop a variety of occupations: young child educators, child care assistants, early childhood cap holding agents, maternal support, medico-psychological support, maintenance agents, catering agents.
Surveillance rates have been fixed at an average of 1 professional for 6 children under 3 years of age and 1 professional for 15 children for 3-6 years of age. Early childhood professionals rely on a variety of pedagogy for their achievement to develop the desired prerequisites and which are based on national education.
Kindergarten: What are the differences and similarities with crচche and nursery schools?
The main difference between a kindergarten and a crche is the age of the children there. There is no baby here, the baby is usually 2 years old when he arrives. Otherwise, the operation is the same as in nurseries. “In our kindergarten in Bisheim, like the nurseries, we have extended hours because we are open all week from 7:30 am to 6:15 pm and during school holidays. It always has the same team to take care of the baby. “, Says Virginia Keller. Most of the time, kindergartens are supported by Caf which provides their Unit Service Facility (PSU) and by the municipality.
From the age of 3, children must attend kindergarten for a minimum number of hours, such as for children attending nursery school. But kindergarten offers more flexibility. “Some artisan or merchant parents, who do not work on Mondays, for example, keep their child with them that day. The baby may arrive at another time and the number of hours requested may still be working due to our schedule. There is more uniqueness in childcare “, Added the director of the kindergarten. Like school, young children are divided into level groups. Workshops are given to them: Music Awakening, English, Baby Gym …
Childhood: Who runs kindergarten?
Kindergarten can be a municipality like Paris. In this case, they are governed by the city they depend on. They may be private or run by an association. Their inauguration is subject to the opinion of the Divisional Council and the President of the Mother and Child Protection (PMI).
Kindergarten: How much does it cost?
The cost of registration is usually comparable to a traditional joint crutch and varies according to the family’s quotient or income. In private kindergartens that do not benefit from subsidies, prices are usually higher. In all cases, these expenses for the child’s reception entitle the parents to receive a tax credit.
To choose a kindergarten, it is important to consider its requirements. Receptions are often made there only 2 years. Until then do you have a reception mode for your child? There are several kindergartens in France. Is there anyone near your home? In addition, you should know that the number of kindergarten places is limited. Contact your interest or your city to find out in advance how it works as it may vary from one structure to another.
You will find a list of kindergartens on the Caisse d’Allocations Familiales (Caf) website. Depending on the nature of the kindergarten, the organization or organization is registered with the director if it is a private kindergarten, or even with the municipality’s early childhood services. It is advisable to find out from these agencies about the steps taken and the supporting documents provided (family record books, birth certificates, proof of address, tax notices, etc.) as they may vary from city to city. Another one. The family promises to inform the academic director of Town Hall and the National Education Services (DASEN) that they are enrolling their child in kindergarten.
Kindergarten planned finish?
Kindergartens continue to evolve, lowering the age of blanket law and compulsory education for schools of trust by 3 years. They benefit from a short-term remedy by the end of 2023-2024. Then, they need to be converted into a private school for 3-6 year olds or a child care institution (EAJE) for 0-3 year olds which probably has special features for 18-36 month olds. An end that many professionals and parents regret. “This support provided by kindergarten is related to the child’s emotional development and his need for very strong reference points. He lives with the same group, in the same place while at school, he goes to day care with certain people in the morning and / or in the evening, then with his wife, then with other professionals in the canteen, at a leisure center during school holidays … Training of young children educators 0 -7-year-old anxious, they specialize in this age. The child needs to be with his parents as a whole and I am not sure that national education can carry that. “Conclusion of Virginia Keller.