40 years ago, Jean-Loup Chrétien became the first Frenchman in space

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In 1965, November 26, a rocket Diamonds Flying from Algeria with a small satellite called Asterix. France then became the world’s third largest space power after the United States and the USSR, a nation capable of carrying loads. Orbit In its own way, but compared to the two superpowers, France and Europe did not have and still do not have the technical means to bring this. Astronaut In space.

Regardless, Europe and France will subsequently bet on international cooperation, thanks to the warmth of relations that have grown since the end of the Cold War. In 1982, only two machines on Earth let humans fly outside of us AtmosphereVery young American space shuttle And ships Soyuz.

Collaboration and science

That’s later Gene-loop creatine, A former French Air Force pilot, set sail on June 24 of the same year with Vladimir Janibekov and Alexandre Ivanchenkov. From then on, Soyuz T-6 mission departed Bikonur Towards Space station Soviet Salute-7. The symbol is strong: it is the first Astronaut Ride this Soviet craft from the Western bloc.

This mission is consistent with the purpose of the brand new Salyut 7 for conducting new scientific experiments, especially for understanding. Spaceflight effect On the human body. Jean-Loop did not go into space alone, he found a complete battery of French scientific instruments designed specifically for Salute in orbit.

Jean-Loup Chrétien, the first Frenchman to launch a Soviet rocket into space on a Soyuz T-6. It was in 1982.

The first of an era

It was specifically for this mission that Cnes recruited its first astronaut. Out of 400, only two were selected: Gene-Loop Critian and Patrick Boudri. After a quick but intense training in Moscow, the two astronauts are ready. Chrétien has been selected, Baudry has reserve crew. However, the latter will not fly as part of the Franco-Soviet mission, but will fly on the American shuttle three years later.

The Jean-Loop Creatine will sail again in 1988 on the Soyuz Mir station This time, where he will cross a new milestone: Be the first astronaut No American or Soviet will do a spacewalk. He will make his third and final space flight in 1997 aboard the shuttle Atlantis To finish his career before leaving Cnes and before acquiring dual American citizenship NASA.

He was the first of 10 French people to fly into space, the last entity Thomas Pesquet. In a few months,ESA The astronaut will unveil his new campaign, Do We Have Eleven French?

Which must be remembered

  • Jean-Loup Chrétien was the first Frenchman and the first Western European to travel in space.
  • He was the first astronaut in the Western Bloc to fly a Soviet machine.
  • It was 40 years ago, on June 24, 1982, at the Salyut 7 station for the Soyuz T-6 mission.

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