Conclusion of the 14th BRICS Conference (Russia, India, China, South Africa)

The leaders of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa met on June 23 as part of the BRICS summit, amid Russia’s military operation in Ukraine and the resulting major ups and downs in geopolitical order and the economy following Western sanctions. Due to the Covid-19 epidemic and geopolitical tensions, the summit was held in a virtual format for the third year in a row, requiring leaders to stay close to home.

Since the BRICS countries have a combined population of 3.23 billion and a combined GDP of more than $ 23 trillion, they offer the strongest bloc to challenge and / or challenge the global dominance of the West. Such a challenge is certainly not in the military field, because the BRICS is an economic bloc, meaning that the discussion around the war in Ukraine was not about a united front in support of Moscow, but about how Western sanctions against Russia were necessary. The immediate establishment of an alternative global economic model and discipline.

“We have discussed the situation in Ukraine and withdrew our national positions from the appropriate forums, such as the UNSC. [Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies] And UNGA [Assemblée générale des Nations unies]. We support negotiations between Russia and Ukraine., Read the joint statement of BRICS leaders. ” We agree to deepen competitive cooperation between the BRICS countries and create a fair competitive market environment for international economic and trade cooperation. A

The need for the UN Security Council “Extensive reforms […] The goal was to make it more representative, effective and efficient, and to increase the representation of developing countries so that it could adequately respond to global challenges. “

The permanent members of the UNSC are China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States, excluding any country in Latin America or Africa, as well as India, yet the second largest people in the world with the largest economy. France and whose armies are stronger than France and the United Kingdom. Thus, the UNSC is unbalanced, which makes reform more important.

The implementation of a 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is also present in the context of the final announcement of the XIV BRICS Summit. The leaders of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa stressed that the international community should give more importance to development issues and strengthen global partnership.

Joint statement encourages ” Financial assistance and technology transfer to developing countries “Adds that ” Advances in the application of digital technologies such as Big Data and Artificial Intelligence (AI) can play an important role in promoting sustainable development. To do this, the participation of the poorest countries and emerging markets in “global decision-making processes and structures needs to be strengthened and better adapted to contemporary realities.”

Africa is specifically highlighted in the proposal for this process, as its population and market is one of the fastest growing in the world. The United Nations estimates that more than half of the world’s population growth will occur in Africa in the next 30 years, followed by Asia, which is projected to grow to about one billion people by 2050. In contrast, fertility rates are currently below the level of population replacement. Europe and there for decades.

The declaration also highlighted the importance of the Convention against Biochemical and Chemical Terrorism. Although it does not directly refer to American biological laboratories in Ukraine, the document states “Finalizing and expediting the adoption of a comprehensive convention on international terrorism within the framework of the United Nations and initiating multilateral talks at an international convention on the suppression of chemical and biological terrorism.”

“We call for the strengthening of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation systems, including the Convention on the Development, Prohibition and Destruction of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and their Destruction (BTWC) and Prohibition. Develop, manufacture, stockpile and use of chemical weapons and their destruction (CWC) and protect their integrity and effectiveness in maintaining global stability and international peace and security. Add statement.

Also, BRICS leaders have reaffirmed their commitment to a world free of nuclear weapons. The statement has a geopolitical element, as it indicates to the nuclear-armed United States, the United Kingdom and France that the BRICS have no intention of launching a nuclear war or arms race.

The BRICS leaders also stressed the need to prevent arms races in space “Support to ensure the long-term sustainability of space activities and the prevention and militarization of space arms competition (PAROS) through negotiations aimed at adopting a relevant legally binding multilateral instrument.”

With points of cooperation, greater representation at the highest levels of world governance, and an emphasis on a nuclear-free world and an arms-free space, the 2022 BRICS summit was more important than ever in the context of the Ukraine war. With the rapid transformation of the geopolitical and economic system with an emphasis on the larger global balance, developing countries will be more inclined to change the world order if they are better represented and developed than the current situation. Thus, the outcome of this BRICS conference is probably the most important in its history.

Leave a Comment