Islam’s response to the problems of the contemporary world (21) Atalya

Equal rights of women

We keep hearing about women’s freedom and their rights. Islam sets out a broad basic principle that covers all situations:

وَلَه مِمَنصَا مَل انت مَلَانَتَ الَ الذذ عَلَيۡه آكرمن ب ب بس بالۡمعۡرُوۡ ۪ و وَلسنگ!

“… and they (men) have equal and equal rights with them (men) in the matter of justice; that is, women have equal rights over men over men. Over women. So there is full equality and no difference. When it comes to the basic human rights of women and men. But men have a certain advantage over women. And Allah is Mighty and Wise. ” (Ch. 2: Al-Baqara: 229)
In another part of a verse of the Holy Quran it is said:

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“Men have been appointed guardians of women because Allah has made some of them superior to others and they have spent out of their possessions …” (C. 4: Al-Nisa: 35).

The Arabic word qawamun (guardians, who are responsible for keeping them on the right path), some medieval ulama (religious healers) assume and confirm the superiority of men over women, where the verse only refers to the benefit of the earner. On his dependents. E.g., The guard is more qualified to put moral pressure on his guards to keep them straight and narrow.. When it comes to basic human rights, there is no question that women are different from men or that men have superiority over women. The last part of the verse refers to the above mentioned benefits and clearly indicates that despite having these benefits, the basic rights of women are the same as those of men. The Arabic letter WA must be translated as “though” or “though” and in this context, it seems to be the only correct translation.

Polygamy

In the West, it is common for a lecturer in Islam to face the following question: Does Islam allow you to marry four times and have four wives at the same time? This is a recurring question.

S.Often a woman stands up and apologizes and innocently asks if Islam allows four wives.. Of course, everyone knows the answer. However, this is probably the only aspect of Islam that is widely known in the West. Another widely known aspect is terrorism, which has nothing to do with Islam.

What kind of equality does Islam provide between men and women when a man is allowed to have four wives and a woman can have only one husband? In my opinion, this same question has been reiterated to remove the fact that the speaker has created a good idea about Islam.. In less formal gatherings, where politeness and courtesy are not respected, the same question takes on a tone of ridicule rather than a general question..

This Islamic provision of polygamy is not a general rule, but there are certain situations where it is necessary to preserve the health of society on the one hand and the rights of women on the other, where this provision applies.

The Holy Quran is a logical book. So he cannot instruct Muslims to achieve the impossible. God has created almost equal numbers of men and women here and there with little difference. Can a rational religion like Islam, which firmly reiterates that there is no inconsistency between the Word and the work of God, preach something openly unnatural and unrealistic, which, if implemented, will create imbalances and irresistible situations? Difficulty and frustration? Imagine a small country where there are one million men and almost the same number of women of marriageable age. If this provision is applied in the letter by all, the best 250,000 men will marry a million women, leaving 750,000 men without wives..

However, of all the religions in the world, Islam stands for its emphasis on the marriage of every man and every woman. The Holy Quran describes that the relationship between husband and wife is naturally based on love and a source of peace for both.

وَالۡمُحۡصَنٰتُ مِنَ الۡمُؤۡمِنٰتِ وَالۡمُحۡصَنٰتُ مِنَ الَّذِیۡنَ اُوۡتُوا الۡکِتٰبَ مِنۡ قَبۡلِکُمۡ اِذَاۤ اٰتَیۡتُمُوۡہُنَّ اُجُوۡرَہُنَّ مُحۡصِنِیۡنَ غَیۡرَ مُسٰفِحِیۡنَ وَلَا مُتَّخِذِیۡۤ اَخۡدَانٍ

“And the holy believing women and the holy wives of those who received the Book before you are permitted, if you will give them dowry, by entering into a lawful marriage contract, without committing adultery and without having a secret lover …”. (Question 5: Al-Maeda: 6)

At the same time, re The Holy Qur’an rejects celibacy as a man-made institution (Question 57:28). There is nothing to be gained by punishing oneself by living apart from the rest of the world or by depriving oneself of one’s natural desires. The institution of marriage is precisely defined in Islam, although we cannot go into detail about the various requirements for choosing a spouse, the remedies available, and the control of divorce.

To return to polygamy, it stems from a study of the Holy Qur’an that addresses the question of polygamy, dealing with it in the context of a special situation: the post-war period. This is a time when society finds itself with a large number of orphans and young widows and when the balance between the male and female populations is severely disturbed. Such a situation arose in Germany after World War II. Since Islam is not the majority religion in Germany, Germany had no solution to the problem. Strictly one-sided teachings of Christianity did not bring any relief. As a result, the German people had to suffer the consequences of these imbalances. There remained a large number of virgins, discouraged unmarried women, and young widows who were impossible to marry.

Germany is not the only country in the vast continent of Europe to face such social problems in huge and extremely dangerous proportions.. Controlling the growing moral decay and the growing moral decay that flowed naturally and so rapidly from this existing imbalance was a major challenge for Western society after the war.

As any neutral person can see, the only answer to these problematic obstacles is to allow men to marry more than once. It is offered not as a solution to their lustful desires but as a response to the real needs of a large number of women. If this logical and practical solution is rejected, The only option for society is to rapidly deteriorate into a growing corrupt and permitted position..

Whatever the case, the West seems to have chosen this option.

If we look at both attitudes more realistically and emotionallyWe can only see that it is not a question of equality between men and women, only a choice between responsibility and irresponsibility.

Islam allows multiple marriages only if the man agrees to meet The challenge of such an ordeal and with full responsibility in all specific situations and by sharing it Righteousness and equality with the second, third or fourth wife.

وَاِنۡ خِفۡتُمۡ اَلَّا تُقۡسِطُوۡا فِی الۡیَتٰمٰی فَانۡکِحُوۡا مَا طَابَ لَکُمۡ مِّنَ النِّسَآءِ مَثۡنٰی وَثُلٰثَ وَرُبٰعَ ۚ فَاِنۡ خِفۡتُمۡ اَلَّا تَعۡدِلُوۡا فَوَاحِدَۃً اَوۡ مَا مَلَکَتۡ اَیۡمَانُکُمۡ ؕ ذٰلِکَ اَدۡنٰۤی اَلَّا تَعُوۡلُوۡا

“If you are afraid that you will not be able to do justice to the orphans, then marry other women who agree, two, three or four; but if you are afraid that you will not be able to maintain justice and equality between them, then marry only one Do, or marry those over whom you have authority. This is the surest way for you to avoid injustice. “. (C.4: Al-Nisa: 4)

The alternative is more dangerous. In a society that is not deeply religious, many women who are left without a husband cannot be blamed for trying to persuade and attract married men. Women are obviously human beings and they have imperfect passions and desires.. If the psychological trauma of war increases the need to find someone, then a life without marriage and a homeless life, a life without the hope of a life partner or children, is a life of emptiness. The future is as bleak as the present.

If these women are not legally tolerated and assimilated according to the principle of mutual concession, there is a danger of losing social peace. Whatever it is, they will share the husbands of illegally married women. The result would be unreasonable. Loyalty will be divided. Women will begin to lose confidence in their husbands. Doubt will grow. The growing lack of mutual trust between husband and wife will destroy the foundation of many homes. For unfaithful men, living with guilt and guilt will create psychological complications and new crime tendencies. The great idea of ​​love and loyalty will be the first victim. The romantic will lose its superiority and fall into the banal, fleeting fascination.

(lpbD) – May God’s peace and blessings be upon him.

(Continues to the next episode, number 22.)

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