Definition: What is dehydration?
The Dehydration A similar Water loss as a result And Mineral salt This is the organism Often in succession In an episode of Acute diarrhea At the time of infection Viral gastrointestinal. “You should know that Dehydration Dr Jean-Louis Chabernand warns of serious and life-threatening consequences, especially for children under six months of age. Moreover, he is at the beginning of a Fifty deaths Every year in France and a Frequent reasons for going to the emergency room And Hospitalized. A
Dehydration: What Causes?
The The main cause of dehydration in the baby Here Acute diarrhea. However, it could also be for a reason Excessive feverA Insufficient fluid intake Or a Food poisoning. “We also see dehydration during pollution Escherichia coli bacteria Who gives training A
Diarrhea Associated with Intense and frequent vomiting Dr. Jean-Louis Chabernand confirms.
Finally, r Strong heat There could also be a reason Dehydration from the body. Also, during its episodes Heat wavesIt is important to keep your baby well hydrated.
Dehydration and gastroenteritis: what are the symptoms?
A. TinyThe Dehydration Often followed by a Episodes of acute diarrhea. “Viral infections can be a Water hypersecretion And Electrolyte By intestinal cells (enterocytes), explains Dr. Chabernand. This hypersecretion will cause a profound disruption of water absorption: this is Acute diarrhea. A
In young children, gastroenteritis is manifested by:
– Of Nausea Or something Vomiting,
– a Athena (Fatigue) and a Anorexia nervosa,
– Of Fever But it is not constitutional.
In infants and young children, Dehydration Featured:
– Unusual behavior, Laziness,
– a IndifferenceThe child is no longer in exchange,
– a Depressed fontanel Which forms a hollow,
– Of Black spots under the eyes,
– a Tachycardia That is, increase the heart rate,
– Of Marble On the skin,
– a Endless skin pinch,
– a Rareness of urination : The baby will no longer wet his diaper,
– a Dry mucous membranes : Dry mouth,
“The Weight loss One Be careful for the first signs, Dr. Jean-Louis Chabernad insisted. You should know that the amount of water in the body of a small child is 70% to 75% as compared to 50 to 60% of adults. Considered dehydrated from a child 5% weight loss. When he arrives 10% It can be serious. For this reason babies are always weighed to estimate their water loss. A
When to worry? What are the risks?
Water And Mineral salt Essential for our body. They participate Organic chemical reactionsFrom The healthy functioning of our organsFrom Temperature controlEtc. for Severe dehydration – such as weight loss if more than 10% – Proper functioning of vital organs (Heart, Vessel, Liver, Brain, etc.) Compromise. “For example, in the context of an infection with it RotavirusIt is possible that Dehydration occurs within a few hours. So it is important to consult your doctor and monitor your baby. May cause dehydration Tachycardia – That is called the acceleration of the heartbeat – then a Decreased blood pressureAnd worst of all Disruption of consciousness or even coma. A
When to consult?
She It is important to consult His Doctor Or his Pediatrician When infants or young children Throw, Suffers from severe diarrheaThere is Fever, Refuses to drink, Rarely urinates Or if his The general condition is deteriorating. “In children, severe dehydration, that is, reaching more than 10% of the weight, comes quickly during a rotavirus infection,” said the pediatrician of Intensive Care. 15’s regulatory physician Get a medical opinion. A
For DehydrationIt is essential Assess the severity of the symptoms. When this Moderate (I.e. less than 5% by weight), in The first purpose is to rehydrate the baby with Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS). Conversely, if Dehydration seems to be serious And if the child’s condition is deterioratinge, you need to consult your doctor immediately or call 15 number.
All other beverages or preparations (pure or sweet water, soda with coke, carrot soup, rice water, etc.) are unsuitable for preventing dehydration at this age, the expert reminds.
In case of moderate dehydration
The first step is Compensation for loss of water and mineral salts Giving the baby a drink Oral rehydration solution (ORS). “This is a sweet and salty drink, the composition of which High sodium, Is easily adopted by children up to two years of age. On the other hand, slightly older children are less aware of their tastes, ”the Améli site noted.
At the same time, it is important to:
– Weigh your child To monitor his weight,
– Note the number of vomits and stools In the case of gastroenteritis,
– Count the number of bus bottles And the amount of liquid absorbed,
– Observe the child’s behavior closely : If his condition worsens, consult immediately.
“Sometimes, as well Oral rehydration solutionThe doctor can prescribe racecadotril (Tiorfan®), a Resistant to diarrhea Which will reduce intestinal hypersecretion and limit water loss, says Dr. Jean-Louis Chabernand. But the most important thing is Rehydration with ORS. A
In case of severe dehydration
A Significant dehydration (10% of the baby’s weight) The baby needs to be admitted to an emergency hospital to rehydrate (infusion).
How to use an oral rehydration solution?
The Oral rehydration solution Mix in water in the form of powder pouch. When prescribed by a doctor, they are Covered by health insurance With for infants and children under 5 years of age Acute diarrhea. In an emergency, you know Also available from pharmacy without prescription.
Dilute in dilute water Rehydration solution To your child Several times per hourInside A small amountGradually increase the dose.
If your child drinks Breast milk (Powdered milk), replace with the milk bottle Rehydration solution. Then, restart normal milk and alternate with ORS as long as there is a risk of dehydration.
What will happen if the baby is breastfed?
If you are breastfeeding, it is advisable to give your baby oral rehydration solution between regular breastfeeding and feeding.
What are the right steps to take?
Dr. Jean-Louis Chabernad recalls that a Rotavirus vaccine, Exists as one of the viruses that cause gastroenteritis. “In young children, dehydration is mainly caused by diarrhea and vomiting. However, the rotavirus vaccine Efficient, Tolerant And Reduces the incidence of gastroenteritis. A
Among the best reflections taken from the beginning, intensive care pediatrician always advises to keep in your first aid kit Rehydration solution So that it can be handled quickly if needed. “And above all, don’t forget about yourself Wash hands frequently with soap, Dr. Jean-Louis Chabernad concludes. Rotavirus is highly contagious and you can be a healthy carrier. So the importance of respect Obstacle gestures ! “