The thorny question of the return of the children of jihadists to France

Since 2016, 126 children whose parents joined Islamic State-conquered territories have been repatriated to France. But the largest group, about 200 minors and 80 mothers, are still being held captive in Kurdish-controlled camps in northeastern Syria.

Following in Germany’s footsteps, Belgium decided to repatriate almost all of its children by the end of June, with only five remaining. In contrast, Paris maintains a reprehensible policy of returning to the dropper.

For the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, France “Failure to repatriate French children detained in Syria has violated their rights.” He condemned the situation at the scene “Terrible”, “endangering their lives year after year”According to its results published in February.

These children crowd into tents, exposed to extreme temperatures, outside the school “lack of basic necessities, including water, food and health care, and at imminent risk of death,” warns ONU experts.

“When this issue comes up in the news, I know that fantasies can be exposed.”Comment Stephane Troussel, President of the Seine-Saint-Denis Department. “Pictures of children recruited by Islamic State (IS), weapons in hand, pregnant”Two-thirds of French children returning from war zones, mainly from the Iraqi-Syrian region, mourn for elected officials through Child Social Assistance (ASE).

But “Children are not to blame, they are first and foremost victims of the grave abuse of their parents and above all they need to reorganize themselves if we want them to be able to integrate into society.”Mr. Trousel insisted.

A position against public opinion: In 2019, according to an Odoxa-Dentsu consulting poll for France Info and Le Figaro, in 2019, about seven out of ten French people opposed the return of the children of jihadists.

“Mortgage their future”

The return of these “Ghost”, Both minors and adults, are done at a minimum: in 2021, only eight children were repatriated to the jurisdiction of Saint-Denis. And the issue is very sensitive for the government.

But past election deadlines, bringing together French families who have fled to the Iraqi-Syrian region, expect “hints” from Emanuel Macron for his second term.

Asked by AFP, Kwai did not want to be contacted by D’Ors, and the latest position on the matter was taken in April, when the president of the republic assured Francis Info that it was not the intention of the orphans to stay in the camp. Without mentioning the schedule.

“We shouldn’t leave them in the furnace, everyone is psychologically broken.”Marie Doss, a lawyer for several French women and children detained in Syria, has warned.

“In the camp, it’s an experience of abandonment violence, loneliness.”, Explained Thierry Boubet, head professor of the Department of Psychopathology at Avison Hospital in Bobigny. Gold, “One of the reasons for the severity of trauma is the duration of exposure. The abuse they leave and it puts them at risk for the future.”Continue with a child psychiatrist whose teams evaluate each child upon their return.

“Some were in a very bad state of mind with lots of anxiety attacks, sleep problems, hair loss, the elderly, on the contrary, were surprised by what they saw around them.”Note their return to Bobigny Children’s Court Vice-President, Muriel Eglin.

This was a reception for minors “An Adventure”According to Yvelines’ ASE, the threat was created at the beginning. “Foster families or educators feared their names and addresses would appear in a letter addressed to the court.”And so to connect with the parent’s terrorism files, the ASE in Seine-Saint-Denis entrusts Lucy Debov, the service chief.

Report “true”

Following these trials and errors, Child Protection Services arranged for a tailor-made care of youth and psychologists in coordination with judicial protection. They work together with goals “Children are children again”Sandra Lavancharuks, director of ASE des Evlins, explained.

Starting from school, most of which were deprived, going to the visiting room, checking WhatsApp messages and letters from Syria, there are few opportunities left by child protection actors. There is no past for extended families.

“More than 65% of parents are in prison. We identify whether the visit is positive for the child. There are very few cases of suspension of the right to visit. “When children are under pressure to make statements that may be biased against parents who will be tried for terrorism.”Mrs. Eglin explained.

Judicial authorities, he continued, are also looking“Parent and extended family membership in educational projects, essential for child’s development”. They want “Make sure kids grow up with the truth of their stories and don’t add privacy to all their injuries.”.

“It’s not uncommon to have two parents in prison, so you have to explain the reasons for their parents’ actions and how.”, Lots of me jossin biton, several kids advocate. He went to the parents ’trial to“ collect bits and pieces of their story ” “Sooner or later, give them back to the child.”.

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