Not surprisingly, the arrival of a child reinforces gender inequality in the professional world

Hello patriarchal system! There is no part-time, professional mobility or career development … After the birth of a child, inequality between men and women in the work world increases, according to a new INSEE report.

Created 20 years ago, paternity leave has doubled from 14 to 28 days on July 1, 2021. Millions? Sharing emotional load and improving gender equality. But there is still a long way to go …

After the birth of a child, many parents have to make some adjustments in their professional life. And surprisingly, these changes are strongly gendered. Who makes the most toast? Mothers go! However, this is shown by a new INSEE survey published on June 30, 2022.

INSEE notes a patriarchal argument that doesn’t seem to be running out … Once mothers, women reduce their work time, change jobs less and complain about not having time to perform their professional tasks properly. Conversely, after birth, fathers work more, later and even on Sundays. Again, at the meeting place of gender inequality: Wage inequality Is becoming stronger, and career development remains difficult for women.

51% of part-time employees are women

According to the survey, in France, Women hold 88% part-time positions. Among them, 14% as opposed to men, 51% chose this operation to take care of their children. This is a fact: after birth, whether it is the first child or not, women work more part-time than men. Adjustment of working hours after birth is therefore mainly done by the mother.

These changes have a real impact on women’s wages: After a birth, it is reduced by an average of 200 euros, whereas for fathers it does not change at all. Please note, this is clearly explained by the reduction in working hours and not in hourly wages. But in the long run, the income gap with men is much larger. A lot of research in economics speaks for itself then “The Punishment of Motherhood”.

And it goes on about professional development: an arbitration is made between the couple on behalf of the fathers who continue their ascent, often to the detriment of the woman. After birth, most mothers telecommute more and their chances of promotion within the company decrease. Also, They lose professional mobility, which has a lasting effect on their careers, Because these changes are often associated with higher wages and improved working conditions.

Ketut Subianto – Pixel

For fathers: Overtime and work stress

But after giving birth, Women say they don’t have enough time to do their job properly, men extend their work time. For example, in a couple, with equivalent features, Fathers work an average of 1.3 hours more overtime than mothers.

Also, before the arrival of a child, Working on Sundays or stagnation is more common among women than men. But after birth all this is reversed. Of course, these decisions may result in economic arbitration between the couple. Or not.

Finally, According to INSEE, this will also be a question “Work pressure”. It is measured on the Karasek Synthetic Indicator and is defined as “A significant psychological need” Which the employee has to deal with “Time to benefit from low decision latitude”. Before becoming a parent, 32% of women say they are in such a situation “Work pressure” 28% against men. After a birth, this figure does not change significantly in women, however Increases four points on average among men.

3 out of 10 fathers do not take paternity leave

However, there is one issue on which men and women agree: If before birth, 56% of women and 66% of men confirmed on the day of the survey, “ I wake up feeling refreshed and relaxed “, Everyone is disillusioned after the baby arrives: the positive response from both sexes is reduced by 5.5 points.

However, most women say they do not regret this choice and are reassured “Everyday life is full of interesting things” Since they have become mothers, which is no less the case with fathers.

Nevertheless, this INSEE study once again highlights its persistent, almost institutional inequality in our patriarchal system and in the world of work. In 2022, women still live with the emotional burden of home and men fear that their careers will suffer on paternity leave.

In addition, according to data from the Céreq Employment Training Research Bulletin published this year, 3 out of 10 fathers do not take their paternity leave. Subsequent terms are also three times shorter with fathers in office one year less than those who have been in office for 2 years or more. A situation, however, worse in women’s camps, often they are victims of professional discrimination at the age of childbirth. As Michelle Obama puts it:

“Every mother works hard. And all women deserve respect. A

Read more:

Only 36% of women elected MPs: Why is equality declining in the National Assembly?

Featured Image: © Ketut Subianto

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