Who are the Big Five of African Savannah?

Large wild animals form very exclusive clubs The Big Five All have been victims of intensive hunting which has led to a decline in their population. Today Protected, They target image hunters who prey on them to draw their portraits. Every title Savannah Africa which is the habitat of these five mythical species.

Who are the Big Five?

The expression Big Five (translate “big five”) was in 1935, whenErnest Hemingway He used the formula for the first time in his autobiographical story “The Green Hills of Africa”. The members of the Big Five were not selected on their basis Cut But they have difficulty chasing and risking to track them down Feet. From the end of the 19the And until the beginning of XXe Century, d Hunter The West hosted a tour of Africa to bring back the most beautiful trophy. Gathered under the name Big Five, the five most valuable wild species because of their behavior Indefinite Is:

  • Lion;
  • Elephant;
  • Rhinoceros;
  • Buffalo;
  • The leopard.

Is the Big Five dangerous?

Highly sought after by photo safari participants, the big five are easily dropped Approach ? When are they often observable? How do they react to the presence of tourists?

The lion

The lion is undoubtedly the most enticing of photographers. With his great money and bushy tail, he is drawing an undeniable eye. Carnivores hunt in groups and often at night or in the morning (in fact, these are The lioness Who are usually responsible for returning the patents). The king of the jungle sleeps twenty hours a day: lying in the shade, the heavy sleeping man is completely disguised in the grass with his fur Sand. However, the guide will be able to take you to one Distance Enough to take pictures but not bother the carnivore. If you drive your own vehicle, never go out and keep windows open Off Because the lions have already tried to get inside the cabin.


Elephants are the easiest members of the Big Five, especially thanks to it Cut What makes it the largest terrestrial herbivore. And in spite of his helpless behavior PeacefulCaution is still needed in all situations because the pachyderma does not like to meet Intruder On his itinerary and let him know. Young children can also react Offensive If they feel threatened when women, enriched with an instinct Protection Highly developed, will not hesitate to charge to protect their clan. So stay away in the presence of baby elephants and need more.


The rhino is a huge animal that can reach several Tons (Over 3 tons for white rhinos). Thick-skinned mammals are distinguished by two large ones Horn Implants on the nasal bridge. Consists of these qualities Keratin Its attraction awakens Hunter Which continues to work today to fuel traffic (traditional medicine horns have so-called therapeutic properties). Frequent moving Family, Large herbivores remain active in the evening or at night. We keep rhinos Black Shrubs at the edge of savannas or forests, while white rhinos are frequently seen in grassy areas. In any case, they will be a close one Water point Since both species enjoy bathing in mud. Less Offensive White rhinos are easier to ride and photograph than black rhinos. Unfaithful to people (their only prey), they can charge in case of threat or to protect young people.

The buffalo

The buffalo is the most abundant in the Big Five and is therefore easily seen. Moreover, mammals evolve into animals Pastoralists Starting from dozens to hundreds of people with whom it shares major activities such as drinking, eating and sleeping. Cool in appearance, bovid, which may weigh about a ton, is still considered the most Dangerous Big five. If he feels threatened, he jumps up, knocks down his attacker and is able to trample him to death. Herbivores with feedback Indefinite So pictures should be taken from a distance.

The leopard

The leopard is fascinated by its power, its tragic movements and its smoky sight. If her pale yellow dress Stains The black color makes it particularly photogenic, cats prefer to be preferred to birds. Lonely by nature, he hides and avoids people. Her flamboyant coat lets her mingle with the savannah grass TreesWhere it rests and eats its prey. Hard to detect during the day, the animal begins to be active at night. Night. To take a picture of it, it would be a question of examining the plant carefully or looking up because it exists Height Where he spends most of his time.

Where do you see the Big Five?

The Big Five occupies many countries on the African continent: Angola, Botswana, Zambia, Uganda, Namibia, Ethiopia,South Africa, Kenya, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda and Malawi. It is possible to see them during an individual trip or by participating in a tour Accompanied. This last option allows you to enjoy the scenery and wildlife without worrying about the road. In addition, the guide (called a “ranger”) is able to identify bypassed animals. Unseen In the untrained eyes of tourists. Most of the site Famous To meet with the Big Five, we can cite:

  • Kenya’s Masai Mara National Reserve;
  • Serengeti National Park in Tanzania;
  • Kruger National Park in South Africa. This also gives the country a chance to appreciate Big Seven Since the whale and the great white shark evolved on its coast.

Is the Big Five in danger?

The Big Five population has decimated Between 1860 and 1930, when these large animals were slaughtered for their meat and for them Trophy : Lion gem, ivory, buffalo horn … this game was added to hunting (which is still common in some countries), then Decline Their natural habitat. The combination of the two factors has brought several species to the brink of extinctionExtinction, Such as the white rhinoceros. These animals face a serious threat of weight loss, National Park They were made for protection. In some less regulated regions, its continuity The victim However, this desire for protection is endangered. All members of the Big Five are considered In danger With the exception of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) The buffalo Those numbers, though declining, remain innumerable in Africa.

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