Domestic Accidents: Children, Adults, Most Common, What to Do?

Represents domestic accidents More than half of the daily accidents (AC-VC) and especially affects children and the elderly. Their consequences are often mild, but can be more dramatic, even fatal. We take stock of major preventive measures and first aid actions.

Definition: What is a home accident?

Burns, falls, suffocation … Domestic accidents are considered accidents of everyday life (Ac-VC), also known as “unintentional injuries”. These usually occur in or near the home environment: gardens, patios, garages and other outbuildings.

Good to know: Ac-VC can also occur outside (in a store, on a public road), in a school setting, in the context of sports practice or on vacation (vacation and leisure accident). They do not include traffic accidents, workplace accidents, suicides or crimes. Children and the elderly are the most affected. Men are also more affected than women, according to a report Public health France In July 2021 (source 1).

Some statistics from France

  • Every year, in France, domestic accidents are represented 61% of daily accidentsAccording to French Federation for Domestic Risk Prevention (Source 2).
  • This represents the approximation 11 million injured and 21,400 deaths each yearOr an accident every 25 minutes.
  • 4.5 million people go to the emergency room and only 500,000 are hospitalized.
  • They have The third leading cause of death in France (After cancer and cardiovascular disease) and is the leading cause of death in children under 15 years of age

What are the main risks of domestic accidents?

Most home accidents result in only a few minor injuries. But their consequences can be serious (even fatal):

  • Hospitalized,
  • Surgical intervention,
  • Re-education,
  • Permanent sequels,
  • Loss of mobility or freedom

The most common accidents are:

  • Hold your breath
  • Drowning
  • Shower,
  • Poisoning,
  • Burn,
  • The pinch
  • Electric shock,
  • Animal bite, or animal bite,
  • Etc.

What affects the main room of the house?

The most dangerous piece, surprisingly, The kitchen : Mixers, ovens, knives, gas, boiling plates …

Comes next The bathroom : Drowning in the bathtub, slipping, getting exposed to various objects in contact with water, etc.

And risk is just as important Isolated rooms such as bedrooms (Especially for children, who can climb everywhere and consume all kinds of things (coins, batteries, medicines, etc.) out of sight. High-tech products and decorative items present in common places can also cause accidents.

Expectations and daily alerts The best ally to avoid domestic accidents. Points, on a case-by-case basis.

Fall and shock prevention

Waterfalls are the most frequent domestic accident. It mainly concerns older and very young children. The solution? Decorate your home So that passage areas, windows or stairs (railings, safety bars, corner guards, etc.) can be secured.

Cut resistance

The best way to avoid cutting? Save your tools and any sharp objects after use, especially In a place beyond the reach of children.

Avoid pinching

Children can easily hold a finger on the door. Remember to keep these closed and teach kids not to put doors and never put their fingers on the door frame. If possible, Install wedges, or door stoppers.

Prevent drowning

In the summer, drowning is the most frequent accident among children. It arrives quickly and can only occur in 20 cm of water. The solution? Do not take your eyes off your children.

Prevent poisoning

Poisonous plants, household products, medicines … Store toxic substances out of the reach of children, control the plants that grow around your home and do not leave your children unattended.

Prevent bites

Dogs, cats, farm animals and other wild animals can bite or scratch. In children, these injuries can be particularly severe. The best way to prevent this is to teach children – and adults – to respect the boundaries of animals, to detect signs of annoyance, and not to leave them alone.

Prevent bites

Although mosquito bites remain benign, horse fly, horn or wap bites can be much more problematic. Choose light colored clothing, avoid very loose clothing and bet Effective resistant. In case of anxious or persistent symptoms, consult a doctor immediately.

Hold your breath and prevent electric shock

These risks mainly concern children, who carry everything, touch everything and put everything in their mouths. Don’t leave small things around And always keep an eye on them. Also consider Socket cover.

Avoid accidents at children’s homes

As mentioned above, avoid small and large bruises while letting the baby grow:

  • Keep an eye on your child : He is not aware of the risks he is taking and Adults should always be supervisedNot another child.
  • Investment Safe and age-appropriate equipment (Doorstops, corner guards, security barriers, socket guards, etc.). Just give it to him Toys with CE valueInvest in furniture that complies with the latest regulations (change tables, car seats, bathtubs, strollers, beds, high chairs, etc.).
  • Keep dangerous objects out of the reach of children (Knives, candles, medicines, etc.) and Explain them, in a clear and calm way, the dangers of home (Oven, fireplace, barbecue, bathtub, swimming pool, etc.).
  • Think independent Seek advice from professionals : Your doctor, a child care worker or your pharmacist etc.

Domestic Accidents: Protecting the Elderly

Health problems, loss of mobility and reflexes … Older people are also victims of domestic accidents. To survive independently:

  • Clear path and Limit obstacles to the ground Which can cause imbalances: electric wires, carpets, furniture, decorative items, garden hose, etc.
  • Bet on Non-slip mats On the floor, bathtub or shower; Choose carpets on very smooth floors or, if not, choose the right shoes to stay at home
  • Properly light the house : Accessible switches, illuminated stairs, various light sources, etc.
  • Safe travel with a Adaptive equipment : Bars, stair railings, stable stapler, etc.

Domestic Accidents: What to Do?

Accidents don’t just happen to others. Even with the best preparation, tragedy can happen. Fortunately, some measures can reduce the risk. Our advice.

What to do when you stop breathing?

In case of suffocation due to wrong path, act according to the age and condition of the victim.

  • In adults, If his cough is effective, he can talk, just look at him. When the cough is ineffective, the person turns blue and grabs his throat with his hand, giving him five strong blows in the middle of the back, shoulder blades, so that the foreign body comes out. No fruit? Choose the Heimlich technique: stand behind the victim, place your arms under him, place both hands above the navel, and squeeze the abdomen with a sharp pull towards you, moving slightly upwards and backwards. Repeat back slaps and compression cycles.
  • In the case of children, if their age is less than one year. While waiting for help, sit in a chair, place the baby, face down across your thighs. Hit him five times in the shoulder blade. If the foreign body is not rejected, turn the baby on its back, lie down with your head on your arms and thighs. Place 2 fingers in the middle of the chest and do 5 compressions. Repeat, alternately slaps and strains the back.
  • In the case of children, if they are more than one year of age. Stand by your side, slightly behind the victim. Support his chest with one hand and lean him forward, giving him five strong smacks in the shoulder blades. If the foreign company is not rejected, perform the Himlich strategy.

Good to know : Do not try to remove nasal passages or earwax. Take the person to the emergency room while sitting.

How to react to a burn incident?

  • A massive burn with blisters. Dosage with cold water for at least five to 10 minutes (maximum). If the garment is cotton, gently remove it when water falls on the burn. Call 15 for medical advice.
  • An internal burn. If the victim has received a boiling liquid or corrosive substance, call 15 urgently and follow their advice.
  • Burns from electric shock. Turn off the electricity immediately before touching the prey. Call emergency services even if there are no signs.

Good to know: No matter what the burn is, don’t cover it with grease or ointment. After all, don’t put ice cubes. Oil, talc, soap or toothpaste should also be avoided. Also, do not apply an adhesive bandage, cotton or tissue paper.

How to react to a bad fall?

If the victim loses consciousness After the fall, if only for a few moments, take him to the emergency room.

If he is unconsciousTurn him to his side, straighten one leg, bend the other (lateral protection position, or PLS), so that he vomits and immediately inform Samu.

Good to know: In the hours and days after the fall, watch out for signs of serious head injuries: drowsiness, eye disorders, motor problems, frequent vomiting …

How do you react to poisoning?

Reckless consumption of household products, drugs or alcohol is a major concern for children.

  • If the child swallows the medicine, call 15 (Samu) which indicates the name of the swallowed product and the amount eaten.
  • If he swallows a household product or a poisonous plant (berry, lily of the valley, oleander, etc.), take him to the nearest emergency room immediately.

Good to know: Do not try to make him vomit or make him drinkThis can pull the product further.

How to react to a cut event?

Even if the groove seems minimal, the consequences can be serious: yes A greater risk of infection and, above all, nerve, vascular or tendon damage. In the event of a major cut, consult a doctor as soon as possible. Before going to the emergency room, stop the bleeding by compressing the wound with a clean cloth. As a tourniquet, it is only necessary if compression is ineffective and bleeding is really very important.

Free emergency number reminder

  • 15: Samu
  • 18: Fire Extinguisher
  • 112: European emergency number, accessible across the European Union.

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