“In a nutshell, for two students who achieved the same result in an international exam, the difference in the marks obtained in the school has a significant effect on their not applying to the school and choosing or not choosing such a course. Take them to university. Grades have become much more important than knowledge, which is reflected by test scores. A
I read in your research that up to 80% of ninth graders who get 1 (highest grade) in math want to go to college, whereas 39% of those who get 3. The study also shows gender differences in scoring: on average, girls score one-third more than boys. How do you explain that?
“Gender differences are known and recognized; This is not only the case with the check system, it is an international issue. The most obvious explanation is that knowledge grades also include some behavioral assessments (how students are doing their homework, how well they are doing in class, etc.). Girls perform well at this age. This is where grades fail because they evaluate both of these factors, but most people think that only academic progress is evaluated in this way. A
What is the role of socio-economic differences?
“Yes, and in a very similar way. Students from low socio-economic backgrounds – that is, students whose parents do not monitor their schooling or do their homework properly – tend to have lower grades. . Again, our explanation is that ratings partially reflect the behavior of individuals, although this is not something we can prove.
Is it possible to assess how much the Czech Republic can lose educated talent in this event?
“The idea is that if grades don’t provide enough information or confuse parents and their children, they are more likely to turn into an inappropriate educational path and career. We know that the Czech education system is very selective. It depends a lot on the chosen school and the preparation for it. So it seems that this leads to a lot of self-disqualification from meritorious students who get lower grades than they should be. Otherwise, it also leads to the fact that all students who get better grades than they get may have high ambitions. A
While reading your study I noticed that you compare results in math, because the levels are easy to compare. Have you studied other disciplines in your research, or have you focused primarily on mathematics?
“We have focused on mathematics because it is a test subject for PISA (Program for International Student Assessment) and TIMSS (Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study), the closest international test to the national program. For life and earth science, there can be significant differences. That being said, we tested but we did not see much difference in the results of the study to measure the level of students in this subject. A
What do you want to remove national education from your studies?
“First of all, not giving so much importance to notes. Not only the government and the school – but also the parents – have to understand that they are not everything, despite having a system that depends a lot on them. Also, it would be good to add other forms of assessment like written assessment, as it is a very clear way of looking at the level of students as well as their behavior. A
Full study: https://idea.cerge-ei.cz/files/IDEA_Studie_9_2022_Prisnost_znamkovani/IDEA_Studie_9_2022_Prisnost_znamkovani.html#p=8