The incident caused panic. Then the excitement. Wednesday, June 22, when firefighters arrived at a private cr্রেche From Leon, they discover a lifeless little girl. He died after many attempts to resurrectAt 11 months, hours after her father handed her over to a child care assistant, she was alone to greet NK that morning.Annoyed by the baby’s cries, she quickly recognized him Destop, addicted to a product Drain unclogged chemicals.
This tragedy – extremely rare – does not reflect the reception conditions in early childhood structures. But it also sheds a harsh light on the volatility of the sector and the ailments it has been facing for many years: accelerated commercialization in the private sector, deteriorating working conditions and growing turnover to meet the shortage of graduates.
This deficit has even become “Sector number one problem”, According to Elizabeth Leithier, chair of the “Early Childhood” Sector Committee, which responded to the difficulties of the profession by the government in January. Emergency evidence, the subject was invited, on Wednesday, July 6, in Elizabeth Bourne’s general policy speech. The Prime Minister has therefore taken the initiative to create 200,000 child care places to meet the urgent need for child care solutions.
Like nursing homes, child care organizations (EAJEs) are fighting to attract child care assistants, these qualified employees who must represent at least 40% of the staff in a crche. In issue: A degraded image of the profession and salary is considered inadequate.
Anik *, the director of the Parisian municipality of Cr্রেche, is well aware of this problem. He is currently in the middle of an appointment period for the start of the school year in September and is part of an election jury. In June, Town Hall organized ten sessions to try to fill its institutions.
But there is no calculation. He himself will not be able to accommodate the twenty children allowed in his structure. “For the moment, I only take six, because I don’t have enough professionals.”, He breathes. According to him, the reasons for this dissatisfaction are mainly related to the severity of this work.
“The days are very tiring. For eight hours, you’ve been carrying other people’s babies, you’re in noise, crying. The pace is steady.”Anik, director of a municipal cr্রেche in Paris
This observation is supported by Pas de bebés à la consigne from Emilie Philippe, herself an educator: “The profession is almost exclusively for women, many mothers. Some crches are open from 7am: stagnant hours and managing one’s own children is not easy.”
Added to this is the lack of recognition, first condemned by those concerned. “Many people think that working in a cr কche means changing diapers, where there is a fundamental aspect of awakening and educational development.”, Emphasizes Emily Philip. Such contempt is sometimes evident on the part of the parents “Those who think we are domestic workersAnnick regrets. They tell us: ‘You let my child do this and that’. When they talk to professionals, they know their stuff. “
A job that requires four years of training. In Cr কche, there are actually two types of occupations: on the one hand, CAP, who cannot represent more than 60% of the total workforce. The remaining 40% must provide proof of a state diploma. These are mainly child care assistants, whose training lasts one year, and young children’s educators (bac + 3), who are more trained in child psychology. Finally, child nurses (bac +4) have the highest level of responsibility as they conduct health missions.
But regardless of the diploma level, the salary is considered to be very low. “CAPs start from the minimum wage, the helpers are very few. It’s sad, even though they do a crazy job. In the nurseries with less than 20 swings they manage everything: baby reception, they feed, do the housework.”The list is provided by Fabian Merchand, Ile-de-France representative of the National Association of Graduate Child Care Workers and Students (ANPDE) in Ile-de-France.
On behalf of child nurses, the first salary of 1,500 euros net was also criticized. “We start with 100 euros more than a nurse when we study an extra year for the specialty of our 0 to 3 year old children.”Repentance Fabian Merchand. “In the private sector, through negotiations, it may become interesting, but not in public at all.”, He said. The Minister of Civil Services, Stanislas Guerini, announced at the end of June a 3.5% revaluation of the index points for civil servants. Not sure, however, that this is enough to satisfy a victimized profession, whose strike movement has multiplied in recent months.
Big cities are particularly affected. In Lyon, the situation is worrying, reassuring Deputy Mayor Steven Vaseline, who has been in charge since childhood. “In municipalities and allied nurseries, we have reached at least 200 unfinished positions.”, He explains. The reason for this lack “A very strong use of temporary staff for turnover and absence almost everywhere”.
“A year and a half ago, the situation was tough, but here we are in the context of extreme excitement: a post has been published for which our candidate is zero.”Steven Vaseline, assistant in charge of early childhood in Lyon
If he saves a “Revaluation of these professions”The heart of the problem lies, according to him, the lack of space in schools for child care assistants and educators for young children. He believes the state needs to increase its funding to meet the needs, as the regions that pay for the training “The school will not be able to increase its capacity with an equivalent budget”. The National Federation of Cr কোম্পche Companies considers that training should be “Urgent urgent” At least 30,000 professionals by 2027.
Faced with scarcity, early childhood education support CAPs (AEPE) are a little less aware of the crisis. But this certification of National Education, accessible from third grade, has been criticized by nursery directors interviewed by franceinfo. They believe that many students are engaged in this training by default without really being aware of the realities of the profession.
“Early childhood has become a back door for those who don’t really know what to do. But you have to have a job to hold on to this job.”Fabian Merchand, child care worker and director of two micro-crches
Also reserved is the content of the Anik CAP – a general course that is specific to some children only – which does not pay off in terms of the work he or she is assigned: “Very often, they don’t have enough knowledge and it’s up to us, colleagues, to train them, when we already have a lot to do.” Fabien Marchand says she recently fired two CAP holders, believing they were endangering children in their care. “They couldn’t stand their cries and got angry quickly.”He describes.
Psychiatrist Boris Cyrulnik’s “first 1,000-day” report to the government in September 2020, however, considers that “Early childhood professionals should benefit from high-level training in light of the growing knowledge about the importance of the first years of life for the child’s subsequent social, cognitive, emotional and relational development.”
Political choices in recent years have been the opposite of this recommendation. In 2010, the Morano Decree, named after Nicolas Sarkozy’s Secretary of State for the Family, reduced the qualifications of professionals in the team, increasing the state graduate supervision rate for more CAP appointments from 50% to 40%. Micro-nurseries also benefit from an abusive system because they are not subject to this rule.
In addition, the government is preparing to further relax recruitment criteria through a text that is a cause for serious concern. This is the text that was obtained ReleaseThat provides“Contempt from the condition of diploma or experience on an exceptional basis (…) [puissent] Their past professional experience and their motivation to participate in child development will be considered and granted to others. “. In summary: People without a diploma may be allowed to work in a nursery, directly trained by a tutor for 120 hours.
“This means an employee of Cr কche, when they are already overwhelmed and understaffed.”, Emily Philip resumed. Confirmed by the Directorate General for Social Cohesion Release That such insults are already allowed, but not specifically mentioned “Local context of scarcity”. For Emily Philip, “Such a decree is an integral part of the devaluation of our profession. It gives the idea that caring for children is within the reach of everyone. Yet we are facing the most risky age in life.” This is what Leon’s drama reminded us of last month.
* Name has been changed.