Analyzing data collected by two Spanish telescopes, an international team of researchers detected nitril in the molecular cloud G + 0.693-0.027 near the center of the Milky Way. These organic molecules, the components of the RNA molecule, will be abundant in the universe.
Characterized by the presence of a cyano group – aOf An atom is bound by a triple bond -, belongs to the nitril family Important for life. Combined with a And to one ( ), These molecules form Its molecular components . Law – I ‘ ribonucleic – present in almost all living things and performs many functions, in particular Cellular.
The brick of life in interstellar space?
In a new study, an international team of researchers analyzedElectromagnetic collected by two Spanish, when they observe G + 0.693-0.027, located near the center . And their discovery is rather exciting. In everyone They have identified specific nitrils, never discovered before. Not currently Which forms in this Molecular – Interstellar allows sufficiently dense formation Molecular – but scientists believe it could become a star nursery in the future. Its structure, which seems to resemble some of our objects (Like ) As well as some of our other star-forming regions Makes its study relevant for understanding .
Is there a lot of material in the universe?
However, this is not the first time that such molecules have been observedSince they were identified in 2019 in the TMC-1 molecular cloud . Thus, in a combination of observations made over the past few years, scientists believe that the nitrile family is one of the most abundant in the world. . They are found in molecular clouds, in Comets, or even in Of Its satellites . Such a conclusion may be in favor of the “RNA World” hypothesis that RNA is the forerunner of all living molecules, including And . According to this conjecture, RNA material arrived on Earth thanks to bases And comets, and not necessarily formed on site: we now know that they can form in interstellar space, especially in molecular clouds.
But scientists are interested in being rational. Although this discovery was thrilling, the presence of life on earth required a variety of other elements, e.g.Necessary for cell formation, thus pointing to the need to focus on how they can form from the common precursor of interstellar space.