Here are the first images captured by the James Web Space Telescope and unveiled by NASA

A.The first picture was posted on the night of July 11-12. NASA has unveiled several new images taken by the James Web Space Telescope (JWST). This space telescope is the largest and most complex ever built and is an international collaboration between NASA, the Canadian Space Agency and the European Space Agency. He is able to Collect light that has been traveling for 13.5 billion years, Almost from the beginning of the universe. We enter Extra Galactic Astrophysical FieldA

1. Atmospheric formation of WASP-96b, one of the more than 5,000 confirmed exoplanets in the Milky Way

JWST – Atmospheric structure of exoplanets taken by NASA

The image arrives in the afternoon dribs and drabs. The first is actually more of a signature than a photo. The telescope bears the distinctive signature of water with evidence of clouds and fog, a distant sun-like star located around a giant, gaseous, warm exoplanet, the WASP-96b, which has been confirmed by more than 5,000. Exoplanets in the Milky Way.

Observation, which reveals The presence of specific gas molecules Based on a small reduction in the precise color brightness of light, it is by far the most detailed of its kind, demonstrating the web’s unprecedented ability to analyze the atmosphere hundreds of light-years away.

2. Southern Ring Nebula

JWST will allow astronomers to dig into the planet's nebula in more detail
JWST will allow astronomers to dig more details about planetary nebulae like this – NASA

Two cameras on the web captured images of the nebula of this dying planet, listed as NGC 3132 and unofficially known as the Southern Ring Nebula. It is about 2,500 light years away.

The faint star at the center of this scene has been sending gas and dust rings in all directions for thousands of years and The telescope has revealed for the first time that this star is covered in dust.

JWST will allow astronomers to dig into the planet’s nebula in more detail like this – gas clouds and dust ejected by dead stars. Understanding which molecules are present and where they are in gas and dust shells will help researchers refine their knowledge about these objects.

3. Stephen’s quintet

The mosaic created by the telescope is its largest image so far
The mosaic created by the telescope is still its largest image – NASA

Stephan’s Quintet is a visual grouping of galaxies in the constellation Pegasus, first observed in 1878 by the French astronomer Edouard Stefan.

The galaxies collide at Stefan’s quintet as they pull and expand in a gravitational dance. Here in the mid-infrared scene, JWST pierces the dust, Provide new insights How can such interactions drive the evolution of galaxies in the early universe?

Mosaic made by telescope His biggest picture yet, 1/5 the diameter of the moon across an area of ​​the sky (seen from Earth). It has more than 150 million pixels and is made up of about 1000 image files.

4. Carina Nebula

Here is the Carina Nebula, which shows the image of a newborn star
This is the Carina Nebula, which shows images of a newborn star – NASA

Behind the dust and gas screens of these “cosmic cliffs” are previously hidden newborn and very young stars, which have now been discovered by the web. The new JWST view gives us a rare glimpse of the early, rapid stages of star formation. For an individual star, this period lasts about 50,000 to 100,000 years.

It has this kind of sharp picture of an incredible technical feat. This has been made possible by 18 mirrors of the telescope. The point with the stars flickering in this landscape of “mountains” and “valleys” is actually the edge of a nearby young star-forming region called the Carina Nebula NGC 3324. Captured in infrared light, this image reveals areas for the first time The birth of previously invisible stars.

The first image, unveiled by the James Webb Space Telescope, was launched from Guyana on December 25, 2021.  Other images will be unveiled this Tuesday, July 12 at 5 p.m.

L.He is a true technological marvel at NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope. The largest and most complex space telescope ever built, capable of collecting light traveling from the web 13.5 billion years old, Almost from the beginning of the universe. It was launched from Guyana on December 25, 2021 and has just delivered its first picture to us.

The first image of the telescope reached us and was unveiled overnight. The next images will be unveiled this Tuesday 12th July at 5pm.. U.S. President Joe Biden was honored to unveil the first image that will allow us to go further in space exploration and the discovery of the universe.

NASA, in partnership with ESA (European Space Agency) and CSA (Canadian Space Agency), will release the first color images of the web and a complete set of spectroscopic data during a television broadcast.

What do we see in this first picture?

Thousands of galaxies – including the most obscure objects seen in infrared – appeared on the web for the first time. This slice of the vast universe The length of one’s hand on the ground covers a part of the sky in the shape of a grain of sand.

This deep field taken by the web’s Near Infrared Camera (NIRCam) is a combination of images of different wavelengths, totaling 12.5 hours – to reach the depth of infrared wavelengths outside the deepest fields of the Hubble Space Telescope, which takes several weeks.

The image shows the galaxy cluster SMACS 0723, which appeared 4.6 billion years ago. The combined mass of this cluster of galaxies acts as a gravitational lens, magnifying galaxies far behind it. NIRCam on the web has identified these distant galaxies – they have tiny faded structures Which has never been seen before, Including star clusters and scattering features. Researchers will soon learn more about the mass, age, history and composition of the galaxy, as the web searches for the first galaxies in the universe.

What is a telescope used for?

Simply put, the web is a Time travel machine, Allows us to peer into one of the first galaxies formed after the Big Bang As it collects infrared light, it sees through giant dust clouds that block the view of most other telescopes. The web is 100 times more powerful than the Hubble Space TelescopeHis predecessor.

Most notably, with an array of 21-foot-wide (6.5-meter-wide) segmented mirrors, the web is powerful enough to detect water vapor in the atmosphere of planets orbiting other stars. This will open a new window between these exoplanets, observing them at light wavelengths they have never seen before and helping us gain new insights into their nature.

The James Webb Space Telescope will help us understand how galaxies have evolved into great spirals like our own Milky Way over billions of years, tracing signs of habitation on distant planets and penetrating deep into dust-covered stellar nurseries.

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