One disappointment after another, they decided to change jobs. Every year teachers drop out of national education. The number of teacher resignations has also increased. Voluntary permanent exit among government teachers in national education has thus come down from 1,554 in 2019-2020 to 2,286 in 2020-2021. And if we go further back, the comparison is even clearer: in 2008-2009, there were 364 resignations.
Rue de Grenelle is an increase that is trying to reduce: “From January 1, 2020, teachers are likely to leave with a conventional break. This explains the sharp increase. Admittedly, the exit ratio is not very high for the 850,000 teachers practicing in France. But in the context of declining competition registration, this exit is a matter of concern. “In the last five school years, the increase in resignations is about 200 resigners each year,” underlined in a survey by the Ministry of Education. From national education to entry to exit And published in 2020. It shows that the school teachers are the ones who left the ship the most: “Their resignation rate is 0.24% certified 0.18%, agreg 0.14% and PLP (professional high school teacher) 0.10%. Another observation: trainee teachers throw the most towels. Because often, they become aware of the gap between their professional ideals and the reality of the soil.
Remuneration is considered inadequate
These resignations are multifaceted. But one of the most cited reasons by former teachers who responded to our call for witnesses was their salary dissatisfaction: “I was at 2,300 euros ten years after I graduated from Master 2, it seemed inadequate to me,” Former Professor of Physics-Chemistry who has become an Environmental Inspector. The same observation was made with David, a former professor of philosophy who now works at the Ministry of Home Affairs: Sandrin, who resigned as a school teacher to become a real estate agent, also acknowledged that the question of pay has played a big role: “Teachers work long hours who don’t see each other: from two in the afternoon to two in the evening. . , Meeting with parents, preparation and correction. We often bought equipment with our own money. At the end of the year, that statistic, ”he underlined.
The deterioration of their working conditions is also often mentioned. “With the reform of high school they have deteriorated considerably: more students per class, but also courses where I felt completely useless like science education, 1 hour per week in front of 35 ordinary first students in an amphitheater. Sometimes it is difficult to manage my audience diversity. There was a demanding program with a panel of students with very diverse profiles! If some high school students were at the right level, others were on the verge of illiteracy, and it was especially difficult to employ them, “provoked Nicholas. As he prepares for retraining, he finds that the work situation has become more difficult: “We are more educated (should teach the concepts of respect and decency), social workers, psychologists. Benefits. ”Etienne did not last long: he resigned as a history-geography teacher two years later. The difficulty of driving makes me want to stop immediately, ”he said.
“Annoyed by the next reform that never takes into account the reality”
Some also mention the tense relationship of the students with their parents. Manon, a former plastic arts teacher, said: “I resigned in December because I had to constantly justify myself to my parents, sometimes even to the students. In some schools, parents make laws. They called the principal to criticize the teachers, thinking that their children could not lie … To protect themselves, I took pictures of students who had no average. Jérôme also incites “harmful climate caused by a tiny fraction of students’ parents ”. “They are happy to invent false problems, to complain directly to our superiors. It often feels like injustice and when it ends, it always makes you anxious and worried about everything, ”he recalls.
After all, some teachers seem to find no meaning in what they do. “Troubled by periodic reforms that never take into account the reality,” says Pascal, who has dropped the towel after teaching Spanish for twenty-two years. “I no longer like my caretaker ministry and its confusing management. And the Covid-19 crisis and its management, among other things, made me decide for sure, ”Emilio testified.
As the teacher recruitment crisis is a priority for the new education minister, he has already taken the initiative to review the salary hike. “We must raise wages and salaries. We are going to discuss this with the trade unions so that an attractive push can be made to ensure that this profession is re-evaluated,” Pope Andea told France Inter on Thursday. But in order to retain the position of teacher, he has to deal with the complex question of working conditions, but also the possibility of evolution in national education …