From Kindergarten to Elementary School: Structures of Space and Time

Space-time landmarks can be a daunting task for children. Begins to integrate the concept of temporality from a young age three years. At this age, children know how to count and recite the days of the week in order, but they are not able to understand their representation in space. These spatio-temporal references are learned From Kindergarten With simple daily routines.

What tools constitute time?

There are several ways in which children integrate relationships with temporality in schools. Since time is an abstract convention, its uses are varied object This makes the concept more concrete, and thus more understandable for little ones. Every year you have to Exercise ritual Closer to time so students can assimilate ring system time and day.

the house

Having a clock in your classroom is important for establishing time. In this way, students will understand that it is a Calculation tool Seconds, minutes and hours. Older people themselves can use it to learn time telling while they are in school. For toddlers, it’s a way to make them aware measuring instrument and d’Use numbers. During a workshop, the teacher explains to the children that the activity ends when the needle reaches three. Kids will know at this point that the session is over, even if they don’t know how to use it yet. For a very short period of time, it is also possible to use it Visual timerof Kitchen timer or even hourglass.


It is a very useful tool for formation time. lets create Concrete Pass the time. Every morning the teacher Surround the day with a color. Better to use the same so that students don’t get lost. The exercise is done with recitation of date, day name, number, month and year. It is interesting that children actively participate in the exercise. One child per night can Come to block the day. Little ones understand that the day is over. In addition, the calendar makes it possible to keep all students in the class informed about upcoming or past events: friends’ birthdays, outing dates, school highlights… Students love to share class news. Highlight these events on the calendar Reduces uncertaintySo any apprehension Attached. Conversely, for important occasions like birthdays, small children precious in mind Highlighted the“Laurène’s Classroom” calendar is perfect for classroom use. The visuals are accessible to all ages, are easy to read, and have accompanying images to show class highlights and events.

Time and space are two concepts complement. Students can learn to associate with them in the classroom Visualization of daily rituals. Spatio-temporal integration is determined in children by a representation Almost systematic action of the day.

Photo of school premises

So that children a link in time and space, class list Can be embellished with Photos of places and places visited. It assures children to be able Imagine the contents of their day in the morningEspecially for children with special needs or disabilities. Calendars may contain images school placesuch as canteens and playgrounds, as well as in Frequent outdoor location visits, such as libraries and swimming pools. This type of representation of space is most meaningful to kindergarten students because they Concrete and tangible elements. It can still be done drawing made by them, picture and other instances.

Customizable Kindergarten Schedule with Scratch

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Representation of classroom spaces

In a classroom, it matters Limit the space. Especially in kindergarten, there are several places in a classroom Easily implemented, such as “Reading Corner”. Children will understand more easily function area with a to attach or a drawing and one name Similar smaller additions are possible law, Such as the number of children allowed at a time. This is also practical for display systems Save the room. Homework is not spontaneous and can take time, especially in kindergarten. This is why we should not hesitate to make the task easier for both teachers and students. You can display a picture with the name associated with the available supplies so that children know where to put the objects. Little ones don’t have to ask the teacher because the material storage is obvious. It is a way for students to become more autonomous And every object is in the right place.

reading angle
Example illustration for reading corner

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