After years of development, Space Launch System (SLS) The American agency is aiming for a first flight this summer (no earlier than August 29). In its current Block 1 version, the giant launcher reaches a height of 111.25 meters and weighs just over 2,600 tonnes at take-off. It is being prepared at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida Artemis IHis first assignment.
Model Municin Campos
Artemis I is intended as part of NASA’s Artemis Return to and On the Moon program Send an Orion capsule around our natural satellite Uninhabited equipped with a service module provided by the European Space Agency (ESA). After several lunar orbits, the spacecraft will return to land on Earth, thus making it possible to rigorously test the flight plan of Artemis II, which this time will carry 4 astronauts.
however, The Artemis I mission is not entirely devoid of “passengers.”. To gauge the ability of Orion and its service module to maintain a suitable environment for astronauts, a dummy with sensors was recently installed on board the capsule.
name Order Munikin Campos Tribute to Arturo Campos (1934-2001). Born to a Mexican-American family in Texas, this electrical engineer established procedures to ensure that the Apollo 13 capsule had sufficient power, thus ensuring the return to Earth of Jim Lovell, Fred Hayes and Jack Swigert.
The Commander Munikin Campos dummy is not the only anthropomorphic device designed to peer into Orion’s life support. Provided by the German Space Institute DLR and the Israeli Space Agency respectively Helga and Zohar. Both are reproductions of female torsos that will measure the effects of radiation.
Studying the effects of radiation proves to be an important topic for future lunar missions because the exposure to, around, and on our natural satellite is greater than that of the International Space Station. Zohar is also equipped with an AstroRad protective jacket to enable comparison with Helga to evaluate the performance of the device (designed for men and women).
Sean and Snoopy
The importance of Artemis I to the American lunar program, joined by European, Japanese and Canadian agencies, explains the presence of more symbolic “passengers” to address a larger audience. The The famous philosopher dog Snoopy Charles Schulz’s Peanuts from the comic strip will travel in a plush form dressed in an orange jumpsuit. Since the Apollo program, Snoopy has played NASA’s security mascot.
European participation (note that ESA supplies the Orion service module built by Airbus Defense and Space) will be symbolized by Shaun the Sheep. The herbivore was created by Englishman Nick Park as part of an adventure by the comic duo Wallace and Gromit (stop-motion animated film).
Shaun the Sheep celebrates the 15th anniversary of the animated television series dedicated to him in 2022. Echoing the character’s humor, David Parker, ESA’s Director of Human and Robotic Exploration, noted that “While that’s one small step for a man, it’s one giant leap for a lamb(Using the word made in English Lambkind which is combined the lamb Lamb and the human race for humanity).
Sean and Snoopy won’t be the only symbolic “passengers” on the Artemis I. As for a mission of this importance, traditional, historical elements make the journey one A piece of cloth from the wing of the Wright brothers’ airplane (eg Apollo 11) or a Bolt from one of the 5 F-1 engines on the Apollo 11 Saturn V launch vehicle (From propellant recovered from the Atlantic floor during an expedition funded by Jeff Bezos).
Long associated with the promotion of scientific research by NASA, The Lego board will represent Orion By Kate, Kyle, Sebastian and Julia. These miniature astronauts take on small characters from the famous Danish brand of construction toys (video below).
Finally, remember that those who completed an online form in time will see their names recorded in computer memory during the Orion flyby of the Moon.